Official namePeople's Republic of China
Name in local languageZhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó - 中华人民共和国 (zh)
SubcontinentEast Asia
Population (ranking: 1er)1,401,501,343 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth0.53 % / year
Area9,596,961 km²
Density146.04 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 2e)13,608.152 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)9,771 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.60 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.70 years (2018)
Birth rate10.48 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate1.60 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.11 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)6.77 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate95.15 % (2017)
Official languagesStandard Chinese
CurrencyYuan (¥ CNY) (Renminbi)
HDI (ranking: 115e)0.758 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)50.74 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary one-party republic (dictatorship)
Head of StatePresident Xi Jinping
National DayOctober, 1st (Republic of 1949)
Tourists (ranking)60,740,000 people (2017)
China – Small
1.4 billion inhabitants

China is an East Asian country. It is the most populous state on the planet, with more than 1.4 billion inhabitants. It is also one of the largest countries in the world. It shares borders with many countries: Russia and Mongolia to the North, North Korea to the East, Vietnam, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), India, Bhutan and Nepal to the South, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan to the West.
This huge country has emerged as one of the world’s leading economic powers over the past 30 years, taking Japan‘s second place in 2010, behind the United States. Special economic zones have been created to promote the development of certain regions.

Parc national de la forêt Zhangjiajie, Chine
Zhangjiajie Forest National Park, China. Photo : Chensiyuan
Chine - Shanghai vue la nuit depuis l'espace
Shanghai seen from space at night. Image : NASA
Pékin, stade national. Source : Wikipédia.
Beijing National Stadium. Source : Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Shanghai26,317,104 inhabitants
Guangzhou (Canton)23,426,128 inhabitants
Beijing (Peking)21,542,000 inhabitants
Tianjin15,621,200 inhabitants
Chongqing15,384,000 inhabitants
Chengdu14,677,122 inhabitants
Shantou14,251,500 inhabitants
Xiamen-Quanzhou13,764,758 inhabitants
Xi'an12,905,600 inhabitants
Shenzhen12,905,000 inhabitants
Wuhan10,892,900 inhabitants
Suzhou10,721,900 inhabitants
Hangzhou10,018,000 inhabitants
Nanjing (Nankin)8,436,200 inhabitants
Shenyang8,294,171 inhabitants
Dongguan8,254,100 inhabitants
Qingdao (Tsingtao)6,352,500 inhabitants
Zhengzhou5,810,000 inhabitants
Changsha5,288,800 inhabitants
Harbin5,282,093 inhabitants
Jinan4,693,700 inhabitants
Kunming4,677,200 inhabitants
Zibo4,412,016 inhabitants
Changchun4,361,100 inhabitants
Shijiazhuang4,303,700 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Anhui61,440,000 inhabitants139,600 km²
Chongqing (Municipalité)30,170,000 inhabitants82,401 km²
Fujian38,390,000 inhabitants121,400 km²
Gansu26,000,000 inhabitants454,400 km²
Guangdong108,490,000 inhabitants177,900 km²
Guangxi (Région autonome)47,960,000 inhabitants236,700 km²
Guizhou35,300,000 inhabitants176,100 km²
Hainan9,110,000 inhabitants33,920 km²
Hebei74,250,000 inhabitants187,700 km²
Heilongjiang38,120,000 inhabitants454,800 km²
Henan94,800,000 inhabitants167,000 km²
Hong Kong (Région administrative spéciale)7,346,700 inhabitants1,106 km²
Hubei58,520,000 inhabitants185,900 km²
Hunan67,830,000 inhabitants211,800 km²
Jiangsu79,760,000 inhabitants102,600 km²
Jiangxi45,660,000 inhabitants166,919 km²
Jilin27,530,000 inhabitants191,126 km²
Liaoning43,820,000 inhabitants145,900 km²
Macao (Région administrative spéciale)647,700 inhabitants31 km²
Mongolie-Intérieure (Région autonome)25,110,000 inhabitants1,183,000 km²
Ningxia (Région autonome)6,680,000 inhabitants66,400 km²
Pékin (Beijing) (Municipalité)21,710,000 inhabitants16,411 km²
Qinghai5,880,000 inhabitants721,000 km²
Shaanxi37,930,000 inhabitants205,800 km²
Shandong98,470,000 inhabitants156,700 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also