Official namePeople's Republic of China
Name in local languageZhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó - 中华人民共和国 (zh)
SubcontinentEast Asia
Population (ranking: 1er)1,411,778,724 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth0.53 % / year
Area9,596,961 km²
Density147.11 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 2e)14,279.937 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)10,217 $USD (2019)
GDP growth5.90 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.70 years (2018)
Birth rate10.48 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate1.60 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.11 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)6.77 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate97.33 % (2021)
Official languagesStandard Chinese
CurrencyYuan (¥ CNY) (Renminbi)
HDI (ranking: 113e)0.761 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)50.74 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary one-party republic (dictatorship)
Head of StatePresident Xi Jinping
National DayOctober, 1st (Republic of 1949)
Tourists (ranking)62,900,000 people (2018)
China – Small
1.4 billion inhabitants

China is an East Asian country. It is the most populous state on the planet, with more than 1.4 billion inhabitants. It is also one of the largest countries in the world. It shares borders with many countries: Russia and Mongolia to the North, North Korea to the East, Vietnam, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), India, Bhutan and Nepal to the South, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan to the West.
This huge country has emerged as one of the world’s leading economic powers over the past 30 years, taking Japan‘s second place in 2010, behind the United States. Special economic zones have been created to promote the development of certain regions.

Parc national de la forêt Zhangjiajie, Chine
Zhangjiajie Forest National Park, China. Photo : Chensiyuan
Chine - Shanghai vue la nuit depuis l'espace
Shanghai seen from space at night. Image : NASA
Pékin, stade national. Source : Wikipédia.
Beijing National Stadium. Source : Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2021)
Urban areasPopulation
Shanghai24,870,895 inhabitants
Guangzhou (Canton)23,426,128 inhabitants
Chongqing22,251,500 inhabitants
Beijing (Peking)21,893,095 inhabitants
Chengdu14,677,122 inhabitants
Shantou14,251,500 inhabitants
Tianjin13,866,009 inhabitants
Xiamen-Quanzhou13,764,758 inhabitants
Xi'an12,905,600 inhabitants
Shenzhen12,356,820 inhabitants
Wuhan10,892,900 inhabitants
Suzhou10,721,900 inhabitants
Hangzhou10,018,000 inhabitants
Nanjing (Nankin)8,436,200 inhabitants
Dongguan8,396,820 inhabitants
Shenyang8,294,171 inhabitants
Qingdao (Tsingtao)6,352,500 inhabitants
Zhengzhou5,810,000 inhabitants
Changsha5,288,800 inhabitants
Harbin5,282,093 inhabitants
Jinan4,693,700 inhabitants
Kunming4,677,200 inhabitants
Zibo4,412,016 inhabitants
Changchun4,361,100 inhabitants
Shijiazhuang4,303,700 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Anhui61,027,171 inhabitants139,600 km²
Beijing (Peking) (Municipality)21,893,095 inhabitants16,411 km²
Chongqing (Municipality)32,054,159 inhabitants82,401 km²
Fujian41,540,086 inhabitants121,400 km²
Gansu25,019,831 inhabitants454,400 km²
Guangdong126,012,510 inhabitants177,900 km²
Guangxi (Autonomous region)50,126,804 inhabitants236,700 km²
Guizhou38,562,148 inhabitants176,100 km²
Hainan10,081,232 inhabitants33,920 km²
Hebei74,610,235 inhabitants187,700 km²
Heilongjiang31,850,088 inhabitants454,800 km²
Henan99,365,519 inhabitants167,000 km²
Hong Kong (Special administrative region)7,515,489 inhabitants1,106 km²
Hubei57,752,557 inhabitants185,900 km²
Hunan66,444,864 inhabitants211,800 km²
Inner Mongolia (Autonomous region)24,049,155 inhabitants1,183,000 km²
Jiangsu84,748,016 inhabitants102,600 km²
Jiangxi45,188,635 inhabitants166,919 km²
Jilin24,073,453 inhabitants191,126 km²
Liaoning42,591,407 inhabitants145,900 km²
Macau (Special administrative region)683,218 inhabitants31 km²
Ningxia (Autonomous region)7,202,654 inhabitants66,400 km²
Qinghai5,923,957 inhabitants721,000 km²
Shaanxi39,528,999 inhabitants205,800 km²
Shandong101,527,453 inhabitants156,700 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also