Official nameMacao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Name in local language中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區 (zh) ; Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China (pt)
SubcontinentEast Asia
Population (ranking: 172e)663,419 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.58 % / year
Area31 km²
Density21,539.58 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 85e)54.545 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)86,355 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.70 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)83.30 years (2016)
Birth rate11.00 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.14 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)3.40 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)1.70 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate96.20 % (2015)
Official languagesPortuguese, Cantonese
CurrencyPataca (MOP$)
HDI (ranking: 35e)0.909 / 1 (2016)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary multi-party system within socialist republic
Head of StatePresident Xi Jinping ; Chief Executive Fernando Chui Sai On
National Day1st October (Founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949)
Tourists (ranking)17,255,000 people (2017)
Macao – petite
A drop of wealth in the Chinese Ocean

Macau is a special administrative region of China located in the south of the country. Formerly Portuguese territory for 400 years, it was retroceded to Beijing in December 1999. It is located opposite Hong Kong (another former colony, English this time), on the southwest side of the Pearl River Delta.

Macau. photo: Billy Au
Chine - Pont Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge, during its building in 2015 alongside the coast of Lantau Island. Photo: Wing1990hk, Wikipedia
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See also