Rankings – Human Development Index (HDI)

The objective of the Human Development Index, or H.D.I., is to try to measure the level of development of countries, but not simply to their economic weight measured by the gross domestic product (G.D.P.) or GDP per capita. It therefore integrates more qualitative data. It is an indicator that synthesizes (it is called composite or synthetic indicator) three sets of data:

  • Health / longevity (measured by life expectancy at birth), which indirectly measures the satisfaction of essential material needs such as access to a healthy diet, safe drinking water, decent housing, good hygiene and medical care.
  • Knowledge or level of education. It is measured by the average length of schooling for adults over 25 and the expected length of schooling for school-aged children. It reflects the satisfaction of intangible needs such as the ability to participate in decision-making in the workplace or in society.
  • The standard of living (logarithm of gross income per capita in purchasing power parity), to encompass elements of quality of life that are not described by the first two indices such as mobility or access to Culture.

The HDI is calculated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It is presented as a number without a unit between 0 and 1. More the HDI is closer to 1, the higher the level of development of the country. The calculation of the HDI allows the establishment of an annual ranking of countries.

Between 2015 and 2018, the world’s HDI rose from 0.717 to 0.731.

ContinentHDI 2018
World0.731
Very high human development0.892
High human development0.750
Medium human development0.634
Low human development0.507
Developing countries0.686
Sub-Saharan Africa0.541
Arab States0.703
East Asia and the Pacific0.741
South Asia0.642
Latin America and the Caribbean0.759
Europe and Central Asia0.779
Least developed countries0.528
Small island developing states0.723
Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development (OECD)0.895
RankCountryContinentHDI
208AfghanistanAsia0.496
96AlbaniaEurope0.791
114AlgeriaAfrica0.759
70American SamoaOceania0.827
53AndorraEurope0.857
187AngolaAfrica0.574
52AnguillaAmericas0.865
104Antigua and BarbudaAmericas0.776
68ArgentinaAmericas0.830
113ArmeniaAsia0.760
34ArubaAmericas0.908
12AustraliaOceania0.944
32AustriaEurope0.914
117AzerbaijanAsia0.754
85BahamasAmericas0.805
65BahrainAsia0.838
173BangladeshAsia0.614
78BarbadosAmericas0.814
74Belarus (Byelorussia)Europe0.817
26BelgiumEurope0.919
137BelizeAmericas0.720
193BeninAfrica0.545
2BermudaAmericas0.981
172BhutanAsia0.617
149BoliviaAmericas0.703
105Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope0.769
128BotswanaAfrica0.728
107BrazilAmericas0.765
10British Virgin IslandsAmericas0.945
61BruneiAsia0.845
75BulgariaEurope0.816
220Burkina FasoAfrica0.434
223BurundiAfrica0.423
184CambodiaAsia0.581
188CameroonAfrica0.563
21CanadaAmericas0.929
164Cape VerdeAfrica0.651
41Cayman IslandsAmericas0.888
227Central African RepublicAfrica0.381
225ChadAfrica0.398
1Channel Islands – Jersey and GuernseyEurope0.985
60ChileAmericas0.847
111ChinaAsia0.761
112ColombiaAmericas0.761
195ComorosAfrica0.538
176CongoAfrica0.608
69CookOceania0.829
94Costa RicaAmericas0.794
66CroatiaEurope0.837
101CubaAmericas0.778
81CuraçaoAmericas0.811
46CyprusEurope0.873
40CzechiaEurope0.891
217Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica0.459
20DenmarkEurope0.930
209DjiboutiAfrica0.495
131DominicaAmericas0.724
121Dominican RepublicAmericas0.745
169East TimorAsia0.626
115EcuadorAmericas0.759
153EgyptAfrica0.700
162El SalvadorAmericas0.667
181Equatorial GuineaAfrica0.588
221EritreaAfrica0.434
44EstoniaEurope0.882
177Eswatini (Swaziland)Africa0.608
211EthiopiaAfrica0.470
19Falkland IslandsAmericas0.933
8Faroe IslandsEurope0.950
132FijiOceania0.724
23FinlandEurope0.925
37FranceEurope0.901
150GabonAfrica0.702
212GambiaAfrica0.466
80GeorgiaAsia0.812
15GermanyEurope0.939
180GhanaAfrica0.596
3GibraltarEurope0.961
48GreeceEurope0.872
64GreenlandAmericas0.839
109GrenadaAmericas0.763
165GuatemalaAmericas0.651
213GuineaAfrica0.466
216Guinea-BissauAfrica0.461
161GuyanaAmericas0.670
206HaitiAmericas0.510
170HondurasAmericas0.623
16Hong KongAsia0.939
62HungaryEurope0.845
17IcelandEurope0.938
167IndiaAsia0.647
146IndonesiaAsia0.707
91IranAsia0.797
159IraqAsia0.689
14IrelandEurope0.942
58Isle of ManEurope0.849
27IsraelAsia0.919
43ItalyEurope0.883
203Ivory CoastAfrica0.516
129JamaicaAmericas0.726
28JapanAsia0.919
135JordanAsia0.723
71KazakhstanAsia0.825
185KenyaAfrica0.579
171KiribatiOceania0.623
98KosovoEurope0.787
82KuwaitAsia0.808
156KyrgyzstanAsia0.697
178LaosAsia0.604
56LatviaEurope0.854
127LebanonAsia0.730
202LesothoAfrica0.518
214LiberiaAfrica0.465
145LibyaAfrica0.708
29LiechtensteinEurope0.917
50LithuaniaEurope0.869
30LuxembourgEurope0.916
33MacauAsia0.909
201MadagascarAfrica0.521
210MalawiAfrica0.485
86MalaysiaAsia0.804
138MaldivesAsia0.719
222MaliAfrica0.434
42MaltaEurope0.885
155Marshall IslandsOceania0.698
200MauritaniaAfrica0.527
87MauritiusAfrica0.804
118MayotteAfrica0.750
106MexicoAmericas0.767
174MicronesiaOceania0.614
141MoldovaEurope0.711
6MonacoEurope0.956
125MongoliaAsia0.735
76MontenegroEurope0.816
73MontserratAmericas0.821
160MoroccoAfrica0.676
219MozambiqueAfrica0.446
183Myanmar (Burma)Asia0.583
168NamibiaAfrica0.645
136NauruOceania0.721
186NepalAsia0.579
13NetherlandsEurope0.944
24New ZealandOceania0.921
166NicaraguaAmericas0.651
226NigerAfrica0.394
197NigeriaAfrica0.534
95NiueOceania0.794
5Norfolk IslandOceania0.958
126North KoreaAsia0.733
116North MacedoniaEurope0.759
45Northern Mariana IslandsOceania0.875
7NorwayEurope0.954
67OmanAsia0.834
190PakistanAsia0.560
79PalauOceania0.814
158PalestineAsia0.690
93PanamaAmericas0.795
194Papua New GuineaOceania0.543
133ParaguayAmericas0.724
102PeruAmericas0.777
139PhilippinesAsia0.718
49PolandEurope0.872
57PortugalEurope0.850
63Puerto RicoAmericas0.845
59QatarAsia0.848
77RomaniaEurope0.816
72RussiaEurope0.824
196RwandaAfrica0.536
92Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaAfrica0.797
103Saint Kitts and NevisAmericas0.777
122Saint LuciaAmericas0.745
151Saint Martin (France)Americas0.702
97Saint Pierre and MiquelonAmericas0.788
124Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAmericas0.738
147SamoaOceania0.707
4San MarinoEurope0.961
175São Tomé and PríncipeAfrica0.609
54Saudi ArabiaAsia0.857
205SenegalAfrica0.512
89SerbiaEurope0.799
88SeychellesAfrica0.801
218Sierra LeoneAfrica0.452
18SingaporeAsia0.935
152Sint Maarten (Netherlands)Americas0.702
55SlovakiaEurope0.857
36SloveniaEurope0.902
191Solomon IslandsOceania0.557
228SomaliaAfrica0.364
148South AfricaAfrica0.705
31South KoreaAsia0.916
99South Ossetia-AlaniaAsia0.780
224South SudanAfrica0.413
39SpainEurope0.893
100Sri LankaAsia0.780
207SudanAfrica0.507
134SurinameAmericas0.724
11SwedenEurope0.945
9SwitzerlandEurope0.946
192SyriaAsia0.549
35TaiwanAsia0.907
163TajikistanAsia0.656
198TanzaniaAfrica0.529
108ThailandAsia0.765
204TogoAfrica0.513
119TokelauOceania0.750
140TongaOceania0.717
154TransnistriaEurope0.700
90Trinidad and TobagoAmericas0.799
123TunisiaAfrica0.739
84TurkeyAsia0.806
143TurkmenistanAsia0.710
47Turks and CaicosAmericas0.873
142TuvaluOceania0.711
199UgandaAfrica0.528
120UkraineEurope0.750
51United Arab EmiratesAsia0.866
25United KingdomEurope0.920
22United StatesAmericas0.926
38United States Virgin IslandsAmericas0.894
83UruguayAmericas0.808
144UzbekistanAsia0.710
179VanuatuOceania0.597
130VenezuelaAmericas0.726
157VietnamAsia0.693
110Wallis and FutunaOceania0.763
215YemenAsia0.463
182ZambiaAfrica0.584
189ZimbabweAfrica0.563