Rankings – Human Development Index (HDI)

The objective of the Human Development Index, or H.D.I., is to try to measure the level of development of countries, but not simply to their economic weight measured by the gross domestic product (G.D.P.) or GDP per capita. It therefore integrates more qualitative data. It is an indicator that synthesizes (it is called composite or synthetic indicator) three sets of data:

  • Health / longevity (measured by life expectancy at birth), which indirectly measures the satisfaction of essential material needs such as access to a healthy diet, safe drinking water, decent housing, good hygiene and medical care.
  • Knowledge or level of education. It is measured by the average length of schooling for adults over 25 and the expected length of schooling for school-aged children. It reflects the satisfaction of intangible needs such as the ability to participate in decision-making in the workplace or in society.
  • The standard of living (logarithm of gross income per capita in purchasing power parity), to encompass elements of quality of life that are not described by the first two indices such as mobility or access to Culture.

The HDI is calculated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It is presented as a number without a unit between 0 and 1. More the HDI is closer to 1, the higher the level of development of the country. The calculation of the HDI allows the establishment of an annual ranking of countries.

Between 2015 and 2018, the world’s HDI rose from 0.717 to 0.731.

ContinentHDI 2018
World0.731
Very high human development0.892
High human development0.750
Medium human development0.634
Low human development0.507
Developing countries0.686
Sub-Saharan Africa0.541
Arab States0.703
East Asia and the Pacific0.741
South Asia0.642
Latin America and the Caribbean0.759
Europe and Central Asia0.779
Least developed countries0.528
Small island developing states0.723
Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development (OECD)0.895
RankCountryContinentHDI
208AfghanistanAsia0.496
95AlbaniaEurope0.791
112AlgeriaAfrica0.759
70American SamoaOceania0.827
53AndorraEurope0.857
187AngolaAfrica0.574
52AnguillaAmericas0.865
103Antigua and BarbudaAmericas0.776
68ArgentinaAmericas0.830
111ArmeniaAsia0.760
32ArubaAmericas0.908
14AustraliaOceania0.938
29AustriaEurope0.914
117AzerbaijanAsia0.754
84BahamasAmericas0.805
65BahrainAsia0.838
173BangladeshAsia0.614
79BarbadosAmericas0.813
73Belarus (Byelorussia)Europe0.817
26BelgiumEurope0.919
137BelizeAmericas0.720
201BeninAfrica0.520
2BermudaAmericas0.981
172BhutanAsia0.617
149BoliviaAmericas0.703
104Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope0.769
127BotswanaAfrica0.728
109BrazilAmericas0.761
10British Virgin IslandsAmericas0.945
61BruneiAsia0.845
75BulgariaEurope0.816
220Burkina FasoAfrica0.434
223BurundiAfrica0.423
184CambodiaAsia0.581
188CameroonAfrica0.563
22CanadaAmericas0.922
164Cape VerdeAfrica0.651
41Cayman IslandsAmericas0.888
226Central African RepublicAfrica0.381
225ChadAfrica0.401
1Channel Islands – Jersey and GuernseyEurope0.985
60ChileAmericas0.847
115ChinaAsia0.758
110ColombiaAmericas0.761
194ComorosAfrica0.538
176CongoAfrica0.608
69CookOceania0.829
93Costa RicaAmericas0.794
66CroatiaEurope0.837
101CubaAmericas0.778
80CuraçaoAmericas0.811
46CyprusEurope0.873
39CzechiaEurope0.891
217Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica0.459
20DenmarkEurope0.930
209DjiboutiAfrica0.495
131DominicaAmericas0.724
121Dominican RepublicAmericas0.745
169East TimorAsia0.626
116EcuadorAmericas0.758
153EgyptAfrica0.700
162El SalvadorAmericas0.667
182Equatorial GuineaAfrica0.588
221EritreaAfrica0.434
44EstoniaEurope0.882
177Eswatini (Swaziland)Africa0.608
211EthiopiaAfrica0.470
18Falkland IslandsAmericas0.933
8Faroe IslandsEurope0.950
132FijiOceania0.724
21FinlandEurope0.925
40FranceEurope0.891
150GabonAfrica0.702
212GambiaAfrica0.466
98GeorgiaAsia0.786
12GermanyEurope0.939
180GhanaAfrica0.596
3GibraltarEurope0.961
48GreeceEurope0.872
64GreenlandAmericas0.839
107GrenadaAmericas0.763
165GuatemalaAmericas0.651
213GuineaAfrica0.466
216Guinea-BissauAfrica0.461
161GuyanaAmericas0.670
207HaitiAmericas0.503
170HondurasAmericas0.623
13Hong KongAsia0.939
62HungaryEurope0.845
15IcelandEurope0.938
167IndiaAsia0.647
146IndonesiaAsia0.707
89IranAsia0.797
158IraqAsia0.689
11IrelandEurope0.942
58Isle of ManEurope0.849
34IsraelAsia0.906
43ItalyEurope0.883
203Ivory CoastAfrica0.516
129JamaicaAmericas0.726
28JapanAsia0.915
135JordanAsia0.723
74KazakhstanAsia0.817
185KenyaAfrica0.579
171KiribatiOceania0.623
97KosovoEurope0.787
81KuwaitAsia0.808
160KyrgyzstanAsia0.674
178LaosAsia0.604
56LatviaEurope0.854
126LebanonAsia0.730
202LesothoAfrica0.518
214LiberiaAfrica0.465
145LibyaAfrica0.708
27LiechtensteinEurope0.917
50LithuaniaEurope0.869
30LuxembourgEurope0.909
31MacauAsia0.909
200MadagascarAfrica0.521
210MalawiAfrica0.485
85MalaysiaAsia0.804
138MaldivesAsia0.719
222MaliAfrica0.427
42MaltaEurope0.885
155Marshall IslandsOceania0.698
199MauritaniaAfrica0.527
91MauritiusAfrica0.796
118MayotteAfrica0.750
105MexicoAmericas0.767
174MicronesiaOceania0.614
141MoldovaEurope0.711
6MonacoEurope0.956
124MongoliaAsia0.735
76MontenegroEurope0.816
72MontserratAmericas0.821
159MoroccoAfrica0.676
218MozambiqueAfrica0.446
183Myanmar (Burma)Asia0.584
168NamibiaAfrica0.645
136NauruOceania0.721
186NepalAsia0.579
19NetherlandsEurope0.933
23New ZealandOceania0.921
166NicaraguaAmericas0.651
227NigerAfrica0.377
196NigeriaAfrica0.534
94NiueOceania0.794
5Norfolk IslandOceania0.958
125North KoreaAsia0.733
113North MacedoniaEurope0.759
45Northern Mariana IslandsOceania0.875
7NorwayEurope0.954
67OmanAsia0.834
190PakistanAsia0.560
78PalauOceania0.814
157PalestineAsia0.690
92PanamaAmericas0.795
193Papua New GuineaOceania0.543
133ParaguayAmericas0.724
114PeruAmericas0.759
140PhilippinesAsia0.712
49PolandEurope0.872
57PortugalEurope0.850
63Puerto RicoAmericas0.845
59QatarAsia0.848
77RomaniaEurope0.816
71RussiaEurope0.824
195RwandaAfrica0.536
90Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaAfrica0.797
102Saint Kitts and NevisAmericas0.777
122Saint LuciaAmericas0.745
151Saint Martin (France)Americas0.702
96Saint Pierre and MiquelonAmericas0.788
128Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAmericas0.728
147SamoaOceania0.707
4San MarinoEurope0.961
175São Tomé and PríncipeAfrica0.609
54Saudi ArabiaAsia0.857
206SenegalAfrica0.505
87SerbiaEurope0.799
86SeychellesAfrica0.801
219Sierra LeoneAfrica0.438
17SingaporeAsia0.935
152Sint Maarten (Netherlands)Americas0.702
55SlovakiaEurope0.857
36SloveniaEurope0.902
191Solomon IslandsOceania0.557
228SomaliaAfrica0.364
148South AfricaAfrica0.705
35South KoreaAsia0.906
99South Ossetia-AlaniaAsia0.780
224South SudanAfrica0.413
38SpainEurope0.893
100Sri LankaAsia0.780
205SudanAfrica0.507
134SurinameAmericas0.724
16SwedenEurope0.937
9SwitzerlandEurope0.946
192SyriaAsia0.549
33TaiwanAsia0.907
163TajikistanAsia0.656
197TanzaniaAfrica0.528
106ThailandAsia0.765
204TogoAfrica0.513
119TokelauOceania0.750
139TongaOceania0.717
154TransnistriaEurope0.700
88Trinidad and TobagoAmericas0.799
123TunisiaAfrica0.739
83TurkeyAsia0.806
143TurkmenistanAsia0.710
47Turks and CaicosAmericas0.873
142TuvaluOceania0.711
198UgandaAfrica0.528
120UkraineEurope0.750
51United Arab EmiratesAsia0.866
24United KingdomEurope0.920
25United StatesAmericas0.920
37United States Virgin IslandsAmericas0.894
82UruguayAmericas0.808
144UzbekistanAsia0.710
179VanuatuOceania0.597
130VenezuelaAmericas0.726
156VietnamAsia0.693
108Wallis and FutunaOceania0.763
215YemenAsia0.463
181ZambiaAfrica0.591
189ZimbabweAfrica0.563