Rankings – Human Development Index (HDI)

The objective of the Human Development Index, or H.D.I., is to try to measure the level of development of countries, but not simply to their economic weight measured by the gross domestic product (G.D.P.) or GDP per capita. It therefore integrates more qualitative data. It is an indicator that synthesizes (it is called composite or synthetic indicator) three sets of data:

  • Health / longevity (measured by life expectancy at birth), which indirectly measures the satisfaction of essential material needs such as access to a healthy diet, safe drinking water, decent housing, good hygiene and medical care.
  • Knowledge or level of education. It is measured by the average length of schooling for adults over 25 and the expected length of schooling for school-aged children. It reflects the satisfaction of intangible needs such as the ability to participate in decision-making in the workplace or in society.
  • The standard of living (logarithm of gross income per capita in purchasing power parity), to encompass elements of quality of life that are not described by the first two indices such as mobility or access to Culture.

The HDI is calculated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It is presented as a number without a unit between 0 and 1. More the HDI is closer to 1, the higher the level of development of the country. The calculation of the HDI allows the establishment of an annual ranking of countries.

Between 2015 and 2017, the world’s HDI rose from 0.717 to 0.728.

ContinentHDI 2017
World0.728
Very high human development0.894
High human development0.757
Medium human development0.645
Low human development0.504
Developing countries0.681
Sub-Saharan Africa0.537
Arab States0.699
East Asia and the Pacific0.733
South Asia0.638
Latin America and the Caribbean0.758
Europe and Central Asia0.771
Least developed countries0.524
Small island developing states0.676
Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development (OECD)0.895
RankCountryContinentHDI
199AfghanistanAsia0.498
91AlbaniaEurope0.785
110AlgeriaAfrica0.754
66American SamoaOceania0.827
50AndorraEurope0.858
178AngolaAfrica0.581
47AnguillaAmericas0.865
93Antigua and BarbudaAmericas0.780
67ArgentinaAmericas0.825
108ArmeniaAsia0.755
28ArubaAmericas0.908
10AustraliaOceania0.939
29AustriaEurope0.908
105AzerbaijanAsia0.757
75BahamasAmericas0.807
59BahrainAsia0.846
166BangladeshAsia0.608
79BarbadosAmericas0.800
74Belarus (Byelorussia)Europe0.808
24BelgiumEurope0.916
134BelizeAmericas0.708
194BeninAfrica0.515
2BermudaAmericas0.981
165BhutanAsia0.612
149BoliviaAmericas0.693
101Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope0.768
129BotswanaAfrica0.717
104BrazilAmericas0.759
8British Virgin IslandsAmericas0.945
54BruneiAsia0.853
71BulgariaEurope0.813
214Burkina FasoAfrica0.423
216BurundiAfrica0.417
177CambodiaAsia0.582
182CameroonAfrica0.556
19CanadaAmericas0.926
156Cape VerdeAfrica0.654
38Cayman IslandsAmericas0.888
219Central African RepublicAfrica0.367
217ChadAfrica0.404
1Channel Islands – Jersey and GuernseyEurope0.985
61ChileAmericas0.843
111ChinaAsia0.752
116ColombiaAmericas0.747
196ComorosAfrica0.503
167CongoAfrica0.606
65CookOceania0.829
84Costa RicaAmericas0.794
64CroatiaEurope0.831
97CubaAmericas0.777
72CuraçaoAmericas0.811
46CyprusEurope0.869
39CzechiaEurope0.888
207Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica0.457
18DenmarkEurope0.929
203DjiboutiAfrica0.476
131DominicaAmericas0.715
120Dominican RepublicAmericas0.736
163East TimorAsia0.625
112EcuadorAmericas0.752
146EgyptAfrica0.696
152El SalvadorAmericas0.674
171Equatorial GuineaAfrica0.591
210EritreaAfrica0.440
44EstoniaEurope0.871
174eSwatini (Swaziland)Africa0.588
204EthiopiaAfrica0.463
7Faroe IslandsEurope0.950
118FijiOceania0.741
22FinlandEurope0.920
34FranceEurope0.901
138GabonAfrica0.702
205GambiaAfrica0.460
94GeorgiaAsia0.780
12GermanyEurope0.936
170GhanaAfrica0.592
3GibraltarEurope0.961
45GreeceEurope0.870
62GreenlandAmericas0.839
99GrenadaAmericas0.772
158GuatemalaAmericas0.650
206GuineaAfrica0.459
208Guinea-BissauAfrica0.455
157GuyanaAmericas0.654
200HaitiAmericas0.498
164HondurasAmericas0.617
14Hong KongAsia0.933
63HungaryEurope0.838
13IcelandEurope0.935
161IndiaAsia0.640
147IndonesiaAsia0.694
81IranAsia0.798
151IraqAsia0.685
11IrelandEurope0.938
56Isle of ManEurope0.849
32IsraelAsia0.903
40ItalyEurope0.880
201Ivory CoastAfrica0.492
124JamaicaAmericas0.732
26JapanAsia0.909
121JordanAsia0.735
80KazakhstanAsia0.800
172KenyaAfrica0.590
175KiribatiOceania0.588
89KosovoEurope0.787
77KuwaitAsia0.803
153KyrgyzstanAsia0.672
169LaosAsia0.601
57LatviaEurope0.847
106LebanonAsia0.757
190LesothoAfrica0.520
212LiberiaAfrica0.435
136LibyaAfrica0.706
25LiechtensteinEurope0.916
51LithuaniaEurope0.858
31LuxembourgEurope0.904
27MacauAsia0.909
192MadagascarAfrica0.519
202MalawiAfrica0.477
78MalaysiaAsia0.802
130MaldivesAsia0.717
213MaliAfrica0.427
41MaltaEurope0.878
135Marshall IslandsOceania0.708
191MauritaniaAfrica0.520
86MauritiusAfrica0.790
114MayotteAfrica0.750
98MexicoAmericas0.774
162MicronesiaOceania0.627
142MoldovaEurope0.700
5MonacoEurope0.956
119MongoliaAsia0.741
70MontenegroEurope0.814
154MoroccoAfrica0.667
211MozambiqueAfrica0.437
179Myanmar (Burma)Asia0.578
160NamibiaAfrica0.647
127NauruOceania0.721
180NepalAsia0.574
17NetherlandsEurope0.931
23New ZealandOceania0.917
155NicaraguaAmericas0.658
221NigerAfrica0.354
188NigeriaAfrica0.532
123North KoreaAsia0.733
107North MacedoniaEurope0.757
42Northern Mariana IslandsOceania0.875
6NorwayEurope0.953
68OmanAsia0.821
181PakistanAsia0.562
82PalauOceania0.798
150PalestineAsia0.686
87PanamaAmericas0.789
184Papua New GuineaOceania0.544
139ParaguayAmericas0.702
115PeruAmericas0.750
144PhilippinesAsia0.699
48PolandEurope0.865
58PortugalEurope0.847
60Puerto RicoAmericas0.845
52QatarAsia0.856
73RomaniaEurope0.811
69RussiaEurope0.816
189RwandaAfrica0.524
96Saint Kitts and NevisAmericas0.778
117Saint LuciaAmericas0.747
140Saint Martin (France)Americas0.702
88Saint Pierre and MiquelonAmericas0.788
126Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAmericas0.723
132SamoaOceania0.713
4San MarinoEurope0.961
173São Tomé and PríncipeAfrica0.589
55Saudi ArabiaAsia0.853
195SenegalAfrica0.505
90SerbiaEurope0.787
83SeychellesAfrica0.797
215Sierra LeoneAfrica0.419
16SingaporeAsia0.932
141Sint Maarten (Netherlands)Americas0.702
53SlovakiaEurope0.855
35SloveniaEurope0.896
183Solomon IslandsOceania0.546
220SomaliaAfrica0.364
145South AfricaAfrica0.699
33South KoreaAsia0.903
95South Ossetia-AlaniaAsia0.780
218South SudanAfrica0.388
37SpainEurope0.891
100Sri LankaAsia0.770
198SudanAfrica0.502
128SurinameAmericas0.720
15SwedenEurope0.933
9SwitzerlandEurope0.944
186SyriaAsia0.536
30TaiwanAsia0.907
159TajikistanAsia0.650
185TanzaniaAfrica0.538
109ThailandAsia0.755
197TogoAfrica0.503
125TongaOceania0.726
143TransnistriaEurope0.700
92Trinidad and TobagoAmericas0.784
122TunisiaAfrica0.735
85TurkeyAsia0.791
137TurkmenistanAsia0.706
43Turks and CaicosAmericas0.873
193UgandaAfrica0.516
113UkraineEurope0.751
49United Arab EmiratesAsia0.863
21United KingdomEurope0.922
20United StatesAmericas0.924
36United States Virgin IslandsAmericas0.894
76UruguayAmericas0.804
133UzbekistanAsia0.710
168VanuatuOceania0.603
103VenezuelaAmericas0.761
148VietnamAsia0.694
102Wallis and FutunaOceania0.763
209YemenAsia0.452
176ZambiaAfrica0.588
187ZimbabweAfrica0.535