Rankings – Human Development Index (HDI)

The objective of the Human Development Index, or H.D.I., is to try to measure the level of development of countries, but not simply to their economic weight measured by the gross domestic product (G.D.P.) or GDP per capita. It therefore integrates more qualitative data. It is an indicator that synthesizes (it is called composite or synthetic indicator) three sets of data:

  • Health / longevity (measured by life expectancy at birth), which indirectly measures the satisfaction of essential material needs such as access to a healthy diet, safe drinking water, decent housing, good hygiene and medical care.
  • Knowledge or level of education. It is measured by the average length of schooling for adults over 25 and the expected length of schooling for school-aged children. It reflects the satisfaction of intangible needs such as the ability to participate in decision-making in the workplace or in society.
  • The standard of living (logarithm of gross income per capita in purchasing power parity), to encompass elements of quality of life that are not described by the first two indices such as mobility or access to Culture.

The HDI is calculated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It is presented as a number without a unit between 0 and 1. More the HDI is closer to 1, the higher the level of development of the country. The calculation of the HDI allows the establishment of an annual ranking of countries.

Between 2015 and 2017, the world’s HDI rose from 0.717 to 0.728.

ContinentHDI 2017
World0.728
Very high human development0.894
High human development0.757
Medium human development0.645
Low human development0.504
Developing countries0.681
Sub-Saharan Africa0.537
Arab States0.699
East Asia and the Pacific0.733
South Asia0.638
Latin America and the Caribbean0.758
Europe and Central Asia0.771
Least developed countries0.524
Small island developing states0.676
Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development (OECD)0.895
RankCountryContinentHDI
206AfghanistanAsia0.498
96AlbaniaEurope0.785
115AlgeriaAfrica0.754
68American SamoaOceania0.827
52AndorraEurope0.858
185AngolaAfrica0.581
49AnguillaAmericas0.865
98Antigua and BarbudaAmericas0.780
69ArgentinaAmericas0.825
113ArmeniaAsia0.755
30ArubaAmericas0.908
11AustraliaOceania0.939
31AustriaEurope0.908
110AzerbaijanAsia0.757
78BahamasAmericas0.807
61BahrainAsia0.846
173BangladeshAsia0.608
82BarbadosAmericas0.800
77Belarus (Byelorussia)Europe0.808
26BelgiumEurope0.916
141BelizeAmericas0.708
201BeninAfrica0.515
2BermudaAmericas0.981
172BhutanAsia0.612
156BoliviaAmericas0.693
106Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope0.768
135BotswanaAfrica0.717
109BrazilAmericas0.759
9British Virgin IslandsAmericas0.945
56BruneiAsia0.853
74BulgariaEurope0.813
221Burkina FasoAfrica0.423
223BurundiAfrica0.417
184CambodiaAsia0.582
189CameroonAfrica0.556
21CanadaAmericas0.926
163Cape VerdeAfrica0.654
40Cayman IslandsAmericas0.888
226Central African RepublicAfrica0.367
224ChadAfrica0.404
1Channel Islands – Jersey and GuernseyEurope0.985
63ChileAmericas0.843
116ChinaAsia0.752
122ColombiaAmericas0.747
203ComorosAfrica0.503
174CongoAfrica0.606
67CookOceania0.829
88Costa RicaAmericas0.794
66CroatiaEurope0.831
102CubaAmericas0.777
75CuraçaoAmericas0.811
48CyprusEurope0.869
41CzechiaEurope0.888
214Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica0.457
20DenmarkEurope0.929
210DjiboutiAfrica0.476
137DominicaAmericas0.715
126Dominican RepublicAmericas0.736
170East TimorAsia0.625
117EcuadorAmericas0.752
153EgyptAfrica0.696
159El SalvadorAmericas0.674
178Equatorial GuineaAfrica0.591
217EritreaAfrica0.440
46EstoniaEurope0.871
181Eswatini (Swaziland)Africa0.588
211EthiopiaAfrica0.463
15Falkland IslandsAmericas0.933
8Faroe IslandsEurope0.950
124FijiOceania0.741
24FinlandEurope0.920
36FranceEurope0.901
145GabonAfrica0.702
212GambiaAfrica0.460
99GeorgiaAsia0.780
13GermanyEurope0.936
177GhanaAfrica0.592
3GibraltarEurope0.961
47GreeceEurope0.870
64GreenlandAmericas0.839
104GrenadaAmericas0.772
165GuatemalaAmericas0.650
213GuineaAfrica0.459
215Guinea-BissauAfrica0.455
164GuyanaAmericas0.654
207HaitiAmericas0.498
171HondurasAmericas0.617
16Hong KongAsia0.933
65HungaryEurope0.838
14IcelandEurope0.935
168IndiaAsia0.640
154IndonesiaAsia0.694
84IranAsia0.798
158IraqAsia0.685
12IrelandEurope0.938
58Isle of ManEurope0.849
34IsraelAsia0.903
42ItalyEurope0.880
208Ivory CoastAfrica0.492
130JamaicaAmericas0.732
28JapanAsia0.909
127JordanAsia0.735
83KazakhstanAsia0.800
179KenyaAfrica0.590
182KiribatiOceania0.588
94KosovoEurope0.787
80KuwaitAsia0.803
160KyrgyzstanAsia0.672
176LaosAsia0.601
59LatviaEurope0.847
111LebanonAsia0.757
197LesothoAfrica0.520
219LiberiaAfrica0.435
143LibyaAfrica0.706
27LiechtensteinEurope0.916
53LithuaniaEurope0.858
33LuxembourgEurope0.904
29MacauAsia0.909
199MadagascarAfrica0.519
209MalawiAfrica0.477
81MalaysiaAsia0.802
136MaldivesAsia0.717
220MaliAfrica0.427
43MaltaEurope0.878
142Marshall IslandsOceania0.708
198MauritaniaAfrica0.520
91MauritiusAfrica0.790
119MayotteAfrica0.750
103MexicoAmericas0.774
169MicronesiaOceania0.627
149MoldovaEurope0.700
6MonacoEurope0.956
125MongoliaAsia0.741
73MontenegroEurope0.814
70MontserratAmericas0.821
161MoroccoAfrica0.667
218MozambiqueAfrica0.437
186Myanmar (Burma)Asia0.578
167NamibiaAfrica0.647
133NauruOceania0.721
187NepalAsia0.574
19NetherlandsEurope0.931
25New ZealandOceania0.917
162NicaraguaAmericas0.658
228NigerAfrica0.354
195NigeriaAfrica0.532
89NiueOceania0.794
5Norfolk IslandOceania0.958
129North KoreaAsia0.733
112North MacedoniaEurope0.757
44Northern Mariana IslandsOceania0.875
7NorwayEurope0.953
71OmanAsia0.821
188PakistanAsia0.562
85PalauOceania0.798
157PalestineAsia0.686
92PanamaAmericas0.789
191Papua New GuineaOceania0.544
146ParaguayAmericas0.702
120PeruAmericas0.750
151PhilippinesAsia0.699
50PolandEurope0.865
60PortugalEurope0.847
62Puerto RicoAmericas0.845
54QatarAsia0.856
76RomaniaEurope0.811
72RussiaEurope0.816
196RwandaAfrica0.524
86Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaAfrica0.797
101Saint Kitts and NevisAmericas0.778
123Saint LuciaAmericas0.747
147Saint Martin (France)Americas0.702
93Saint Pierre and MiquelonAmericas0.788
132Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAmericas0.723
138SamoaOceania0.713
4San MarinoEurope0.961
180São Tomé and PríncipeAfrica0.589
57Saudi ArabiaAsia0.853
202SenegalAfrica0.505
95SerbiaEurope0.787
87SeychellesAfrica0.797
222Sierra LeoneAfrica0.419
18SingaporeAsia0.932
148Sint Maarten (Netherlands)Americas0.702
55SlovakiaEurope0.855
37SloveniaEurope0.896
190Solomon IslandsOceania0.546
227SomaliaAfrica0.364
152South AfricaAfrica0.699
35South KoreaAsia0.903
100South Ossetia-AlaniaAsia0.780
225South SudanAfrica0.388
39SpainEurope0.891
105Sri LankaAsia0.770
205SudanAfrica0.502
134SurinameAmericas0.720
17SwedenEurope0.933
10SwitzerlandEurope0.944
193SyriaAsia0.536
32TaiwanAsia0.907
166TajikistanAsia0.650
192TanzaniaAfrica0.538
114ThailandAsia0.755
204TogoAfrica0.503
121TokelauOceania0.750
131TongaOceania0.726
150TransnistriaEurope0.700
97Trinidad and TobagoAmericas0.784
128TunisiaAfrica0.735
90TurkeyAsia0.791
144TurkmenistanAsia0.706
45Turks and CaicosAmericas0.873
139TuvaluOceania0.711
200UgandaAfrica0.516
118UkraineEurope0.751
51United Arab EmiratesAsia0.863
23United KingdomEurope0.922
22United StatesAmericas0.924
38United States Virgin IslandsAmericas0.894
79UruguayAmericas0.804
140UzbekistanAsia0.710
175VanuatuOceania0.603
108VenezuelaAmericas0.761
155VietnamAsia0.694
107Wallis and FutunaOceania0.763
216YemenAsia0.452
183ZambiaAfrica0.588
194ZimbabweAfrica0.535