Myanmar (Burma)

Official nameRepublic of the Union of Myanmar
Name in local languagePyidaungzu Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw ; ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် (my)
SubcontinentSoutheast Asia
Population (ranking: 26e)53,343,778 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.89 % / year
Area676,577 km²
Density78.84 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 73e)71.215 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,326 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.20 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)66.90 years (2018)
Birth rate18.39 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate2.29 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)7.96 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)62.00 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate89.50 % (2014)
Official languagesBurmese
CurrencyKyat (K MMK)
HDI (ranking: 183e)0.584 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)45.32 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Win Myint ; State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi
National Day4 January (independence of 1948)
DemonymBurmese, Myanma, Myanmese
Tourists (ranking)3,443,000 people (2017)
Myanmar (Birmanie) – petite
Democracy wins but remains fragile

Myanmar (or Burma) is a country in mainland Southeast Asia (formerly known as Indochina). It has common borders with Bangladesh, China, India, Laos and Thailand. It is bordered by the Andaman Sea to the south and by the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, with about 2,000 kilometers of coastline.

Rangoun, capitale économique de la Birmanie
Rangoon, economic capital city of Burma

See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Yangon (Rangoon)7,360,703 inhabitants
Mandalay2,034,083 inhabitants
Naypyidaw1,160,242 inhabitants
Pégou (Bago)636,721 inhabitants
Magwe (Magway)477,429 inhabitants
Pa-An (Hpa-an)421,575 inhabitants
Myitkyina413,315 inhabitants
Taunggyi381,639 inhabitants
Monywa372,095 inhabitants
Kalaymyo (Kalay)348,573 inhabitants
Phakant (Hpakant)312,278 inhabitants
Meiktila309,663 inhabitants
Kanbalu (Kambalu)295,561 inhabitants
Pakokku290,139 inhabitants
Mawlamyine289,388 inhabitants
Chauk287,958 inhabitants
Pathein287,071 inhabitants
Mergui284,489 inhabitants
Homalin258,206 inhabitants
Kyauktaga251,212 inhabitants
Aunglan235,222 inhabitants
Myaing225,771 inhabitants
Kawkareik220,342 inhabitants
Natmauk206,996 inhabitants
Daik U202,530 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
States and RegionsPopulationArea
Arakan (Rakhine) (État)3,188,807 inhabitants36,778 km²
Ayeyarwady (Ayeyawady) (Région)6,184,829 inhabitants35,032 km²
Bago (Région)4,867,373 inhabitants39,404 km²
Chin (État)478,801 inhabitants36,019 km²
Kachin (État)1,689,441 inhabitants89,042 km²
Karen (Kayin) (État)1,574,079 inhabitants30,383 km²
Kayah (État)286,627 inhabitants11,732 km²
Magway (Magwe) (Région)3,917,055 inhabitants44,821 km²
Mandalay (Région)6,165,723 inhabitants30,888 km²
Môn (État)2,054,393 inhabitants12,297 km²
Naypyidaw (Nay Pyi Taw) (Territoire)1,160,242 inhabitants7,057 km²
Sagaing (Région)5,325,347 inhabitants93,702 km²
Shan (État)5,824,432 inhabitants155,801 km²
Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) (Région)1,408,401 inhabitants43,345 km²
Yangon (Région)7,360,703 inhabitants10,277 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also