Official name People's Republic of Bangladesh Name in local language গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ - Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa (bn) Continent Asia Subcontinent South Asia Population ( ranking: 8) e 173,548,302 inhabitants (2018) Population growth 2.77 % / year Area 147,570 km² Density 1,176.04 inhabitants / km² GDP ( ranking: 42) e 274.025 billions $USD (2018) GDP/capita ( ranking) 1,698 $USD (2018) GDP growth 7.90 % / year (2018) Life expectancy ( ranking) 72.30 years (2018) Birth rate 22.07 ‰ (2013) Fertility rate 2.50 children / woman (2013) Death rate ( ranking) 5.67 ‰ (2013) Infant mortality rate ( ranking) 47.30 ‰ (2013) Literacy rate 61.55 % (2015) Official languages Bengali Currency Taka (৳ BDT) HDI ( ranking: 173) e 0.614 / 1 (2018) EPI ( ranking) 29.56 (2018) Government Unitary parliamentary republic Head of State President Abdul Hamid National Day 26 March (Republic of 1971) ISO Codes BD, BGD Demonym Bangladeshi Tourists ( ranking) 125,000 people (2014) Bangladesh is a victim of its geography Bangladesh is a South Asian country that is part of the Indian subcontinent. Located in the north of the Bay of Bengal, almost enclaved in India, it also has a small border with Burma. Pedestrian bridge, Bangladesh. Photo: Jonathan Munshi, National Geographic
The repeated floods that are swamping the country are the cause of growing underdevelopment. The geographical situation favors this, with the meeting of two of the largest rivers in the world, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra.
The country can not get out of this perpetual crisis. The majority of the territory is subject to flooding, even though the population density of 1,144 inhabitants per km
is the largest in the world, with the exception of micro-states. The countryside is more densely populated than some cities in the United States!
Flooding in Bangladesh Dhaka, Bangladesh Train in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Photo: Phil Cotterhill Urban areas (2017)
Urban areas Population Dhaka 18,615,648 inhabitants Chittagong 4,119,026 inhabitants Khulna 1,611,731 inhabitants Râjshâhî 878,471 inhabitants Rangpur 649,865 inhabitants Sylhet 526,412 inhabitants Comilla 419,623 inhabitants Tongi 406,420 inhabitants Bogra 400,983 inhabitants Mymensingh 389,918 inhabitants Barisal 385,093 inhabitants Narsingdi 292,838 inhabitants Jessore 250,065 inhabitants Brahmanbaria 248,942 inhabitants Cox's Bazar 223,522 inhabitants Dinajpur 216,066 inhabitants Gazipur 213,061 inhabitants Naogaon 208,304 inhabitants Tangail 189,925 inhabitants Chapai Nawabganj 180,731 inhabitants Sirajganj 177,326 inhabitants Chandpur 171,065 inhabitants Feni 156,971 inhabitants Jamalpur 150,172 inhabitants Pabna 144,442 inhabitants Administrative divisions
Divisions Population Area Barisâl 8,325,666 inhabitants 13,645 km² Chittagong 28,423,019 inhabitants 33,771 km² Dhâkâ 36,433,505 inhabitants 20,509 km² Khulnâ 15,687,759 inhabitants 22,285 km² Mymensingh 10,990,913 inhabitants 10,584 km² Râjshâhî 18,484,858 inhabitants 18,310 km² Rangpur 15,787,758 inhabitants 16,185 km² Sylhet 9,910,219 inhabitants 12,596 km² See also