Official nameRepublic of India
Name in local languageभारत गणराज्य - Bhārat Gaṇarājya (hi) ; Republic of India (en)
SubcontinentSouth Asia
Population (ranking: 2e)1,372,943,539 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth1.07 % / year
Area3,287,469 km²
Density417.63 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 7e)2,726.323 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,016 $USD (2018)
GDP growth7.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)69.92 years (2020)
Birth rate20.20 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate2.20 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)6.30 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)33.00 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate77.70 % (2017)
Official languagesHindi, English, French in some small parts (and 21 other regional languages)
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹ INR)
HDI (ranking: 167e)0.647 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)30.57 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional socialist republic
Head of StatePresident Ram Nath Kovind ; Prime Minister Narendra Modi
National DayJanuary, 26 (Republic), August, 15 (independence), October 2 (birth of Gandhi)
Tourists (ranking)15,543,000 people (2017)
Inde – petite

India is a country in southern Asia that occupies the major part of the Indian subcontinent. It shares borders with China, Nepal, Bhutan to the north, Pakistan to the northwest, Burma and Bangladesh to the east, and Sri Lanka to the south.

Mumbai - Inde
Mumbai, economic capital city of India. Photo : A.Savin
Îles Andaman, Inde
Andaman Islands, India. Photo : Venkatesh K
Inde - Karakoram, plateau tibétain ouest, steppe alpine
Karakoram, West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe, India. Photo : Jochen Westermann
Taj Mahal, Inde
Taj Mahal, India. Photo : Amal Mongia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Delhi26,454,086 inhabitants
Mumbai (Bombay)24,337,933 inhabitants
Kolkata (Calcutta)16,681,589 inhabitants
Hyderabad14,731,106 inhabitants
Bangalore13,180,744 inhabitants
Chennai (Madras)12,906,602 inhabitants
Ahmedabad8,067,743 inhabitants
Surate6,635,001 inhabitants
Pune6,226,959 inhabitants
Visakhapatnam5,618,000 inhabitants
Kanpur3,627,313 inhabitants
Jaipur3,210,570 inhabitants
Lucknow3,089,651 inhabitants
Patna2,803,131 inhabitants
Nagpur2,607,981 inhabitants
Indore2,167,447 inhabitants
Coimbatore2,151,466 inhabitants
Kochi2,117,990 inhabitants
Mirat (Meerut)2,086,194 inhabitants
Kozhikode2,030,519 inhabitants
Bhopal1,883,381 inhabitants
Thrissur1,854,783 inhabitants
Nashik1,832,195 inhabitants
Vadodara1,817,191 inhabitants
Agra1,746,467 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
States and TerritoriesPopulationArea
Andaman et Nicobar (Territoire)380,581 inhabitants8,249 km²
Andhra Pradesh84,580,777 inhabitants160,205 km²
Arunachal Pradesh1,383,727 inhabitants83,743 km²
Assam31,205,576 inhabitants78,438 km²
Bengale-Occidental91,276,115 inhabitants88,752 km²
Bihar104,099,452 inhabitants94,163 km²
Chandigarh (Territoire)1,055,450 inhabitants114 km²
Chhattisgarh25,545,198 inhabitants135,192 km²
Dadra et Nagar Haveli (Territoire)343,709 inhabitants491 km²
Daman et Diu (Territoire)243,247 inhabitants111 km²
Delhi (Territoire)16,787,941 inhabitants1,483 km²
Goa1,458,545 inhabitants3,702 km²
Gujarat60,439,692 inhabitants196,024 km²
Haryana25,351,462 inhabitants44,212 km²
Himachal Pradesh6,864,602 inhabitants55,673 km²
Jammu-et-Cachemire12,541,302 inhabitants222,236 km²
Jharkhand32,988,134 inhabitants79,714 km²
Karnataka61,095,297 inhabitants191,791 km²
Kerala33,406,061 inhabitants38,852 km²
Lakshadweep (Territoire)64,473 inhabitants32 km²
Madhya Pradesh72,626,809 inhabitants308,245 km²
Maharashtra112,374,333 inhabitants307,713 km²
Manipur2,855,794 inhabitants22,356 km²
Meghalaya2,966,889 inhabitants22,489 km²
Mizoram1,097,206 inhabitants21,087 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also