Sri Lanka

Official nameDemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Name in local languageශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (si) ; இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு (ta)
ContinentAsia
SubcontinentSouth Asia
Population (ranking: 59e)21,670,721 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.05 % / year
Area65,610 km²
Density330.30 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 68e)87.175 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,065 $USD (2017)
GDP growth3.11 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.95 years (2015)
Birth rate15.20 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate2.20 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)6.50 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)8.20 ‰ (2013)
Literacy rate92.63 % (2015)
Official languagesSinhala, Tamil
CurrencySri Lankan rupee (LKR)
HDI (ranking: 105e)0.770 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)60.61 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Maithripala Sirisena
National Day4 February (independence of 1948)
ISO CodesLK, LKA
DemonymSri Lankan
Tourists (ranking)2,116,407 people (2017)
Sri Lanka – petite
Peace, finally, and reconstruction, difficult

Sri Lanka is an island state of the Indian subcontinent located in south-east India, in South Asia. Its capital is Colombo.

Ancient Palace of Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
Ancient Palace of Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
Colombo, capital of Sri Lanka
Colombo, capital of Sri Lanka
Elephants, Sri Lanka
Elephants, Sri Lanka
Fishermen, Sri Lanka
Fishermen, Sri Lanka
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Colombo6,080,926 inhabitants
Jaffna321,478 inhabitants
Trinquemalay131,954 inhabitants
Kandy119,186 inhabitants
Kalmunai103,879 inhabitants
Vavuniya101,143 inhabitants
Galle97,209 inhabitants
Sri Jayawardenapura0 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
ProvincesPopulationArea
Central2,722,774 inhabitants5,674 km²
Eastern1,677,377 inhabitants9,996 km²
North Central1,349,421 inhabitants10,472 km²
North Western2,508,185 inhabitants7,888 km²
Northern1,119,023 inhabitants8,884 km²
Sabaragamuwa2,028,478 inhabitants4,968 km²
Southern2,611,626 inhabitants5,544 km²
Uva1,349,419 inhabitants8,500 km²
Western6,080,926 inhabitants3,684 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also