Official nameKingdom of Thailand
Name in local languageราชอาณาจักรไทย ; Ratcha-anachak Thai (th)
SubcontinentSoutheast Asia
Population (ranking: 20e)68,863,629 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.93 % / year
Area513,115 km²
Density134.21 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 26e)504.993 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)7,274 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.10 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.90 years (2018)
Birth rate10.79 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.51 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)7.90 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)10.50 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate96.67 % (2015)
Official languagesThai
CurrencyBaht (฿ THB)
HDI (ranking: 109e)0.765 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)49.88 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy (de jure) ; Military junta (de facto)
Head of StateKing Rama X Maha Vajiralongkorn
National Day5 December (King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej anniversary in 1927)
Tourists (ranking)35,381,000 people (2017)
Thaïlande – petite

Thailand is a Southeast Asian country bordered to the west and northwest by Burma, to the south by Malaysia, to the east by Cambodia and to the north-east by Laos. It surrounds a good part of the Gulf of Thailand.

Lac aux lotus, Udon Thani, Thaïlande
Lotus Lake, Udon Thani, Thailand. Photo: Wildlife Archives
Baie Maya, Phuket, Thaïlande.
Maya Bay, Phuket, Thailand
Bangkok la nuit, capitale de la Thaïlande
Bangkok at night, capital city of the Thailand. Photo: Benh Lieu Song
Bangkok : canaux. Thaïlande.
Waterway in Bangkok, Thailand. Photo: Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2015)
Urban areasPopulation
Bangkok (Krung Thep)18,927,786 inhabitants
Pattaya - Chonburi1,421,425 inhabitants
Chiang Mai1,310,910 inhabitants
Udon Thani455,329 inhabitants
Nakhon Ratchasima444,023 inhabitants
Phuket378,364 inhabitants
Hat Yai193,732 inhabitants
Lampang157,531 inhabitants
Khon Kaen148,674 inhabitants
Surat Thani132,324 inhabitants
Ubon Ratchathani127,994 inhabitants
Nakhon Si Thammarat121,059 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Amnat Charoen375,380 inhabitants3,161 km²
Ang Thong283,568 inhabitants968 km²
Ayutthaya803,599 inhabitants2,557 km²
Bangkok5,692,284 inhabitants1,565 km²
Bueng Kan418,566 inhabitants4,306 km²
Buriram1,579,248 inhabitants10,322 km²
Chachoengsao695,478 inhabitants5,351 km²
Chainat332,283 inhabitants2,470 km²
Chaiyaphum1,137,049 inhabitants12,778 km²
Chanthaburi527,350 inhabitants6,338 km²
Chiang Mai1,678,284 inhabitants20,107 km²
Chiang Rai1,207,699 inhabitants11,678 km²
Chonburi1,421,425 inhabitants4,363 km²
Chumpon500,575 inhabitants6,009 km²
Kalasin984,907 inhabitants6,947 km²
Kamphaeng Phet729,522 inhabitants8,607 km²
Kanchanaburi848,198 inhabitants19,483 km²
Khon Kaen1,790,049 inhabitants10,886 km²
Krabi456,811 inhabitants4,709 km²
Lampang753,013 inhabitants12,534 km²
Lamphun405,468 inhabitants4,506 km²
Loei634,513 inhabitants11,425 km²
Lopburi754,406 inhabitants6,200 km²
Mae Hong Son248,178 inhabitants12,681 km²
Maha Sarakham960,588 inhabitants5,292 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also