Official nameKyrgyz Republic
Name in local languageКыргыз Республикасы (ky) ; Кыргызская республика (ru)
SubcontinentCentral Asia
Population (ranking: 111e)6,636,803 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth1.74 % / year
Area199,949 km²
Density33.19 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 157e)8.455 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,309 $USD (2019)
GDP growth4.50 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)71.70 years (2019)
Birth rate26.90 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate3.34 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)5.16 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)14.40 ‰ (2020)
Literacy rate99.75 % (2015)
Official languagesKyrgyz, Russian
CurrencySom (KGS)
HDI (ranking: 157e)0.697 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)54.86 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Sadyr Japarov
National Day31 August (independence of 1991)
DemonymKyrgyzstani, Kyrgyz
Tourists (ranking)463,900 people (2020)
Kirghizistan – petite

Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country located in Central Asia. This former republic of the USSR gained independence when it broke up in 1991. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the north, China to the south-east, Tajikistan to the southwest, and Uzbekistan to the west.

Paysage du Kirghizistan
Landscape of Kyrgyzstan
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Bichkek980,400 inhabitants
Och281,900 inhabitants
Djalalabad108,300 inhabitants
Karakol73,000 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions (Oblastary)PopulationArea
Batken503,500 inhabitants17,048 km²
Bichkek (Ville)980,400 inhabitants170 km²
Jalal-Abad1,168,700 inhabitants32,418 km²
Naryn281,000 inhabitants44,160 km²
Och (Ville)281,900 inhabitants183 km²
Och (Région)1,287,500 inhabitants28,934 km²
Talas255,200 inhabitants13,406 km²
Tchouï905,200 inhabitants19,895 km²
Yssykköl476,800 inhabitants43,735 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also