Official nameRepublic of Tajikistan
Name in local languageҶумҳурии Тоҷикистон (tg) ; Jumhurii Tojikiston (tg)
SubcontinentCentral Asia
Population (ranking: 99e)9,326,275 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth2.18 % / year
Area142,627 km²
Density65.39 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 158e)7.523 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)827 $USD (2018)
GDP growth7.30 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)70.90 years (2018)
Birth rate28.10 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate2.71 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)4.00 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)33.93 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate99.77 % (2015)
Official languagesTajik, Russian
CurrencySomoni (TJS)
HDI (ranking: 163e)0.656 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)47.85 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic (dictatorship in fact)
Head of StatePresident Emomali Rahmon
National Day9 September (independence of 1991)
Tourists (ranking)414,000 people (2015)
Tajikistan – small

Tajikistan is a mountainous country in Central Asia with no access to the sea. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the west. It was part of the USSR until 1991, and the breakup of this former state, replaced today by Russia and the former republics that constituted the USSR. Tajikistan is part of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

Pamir, Tadjikistan
Pamir, Tajikistan
Paysage du Tadjikistan
Countryside of Tajikistan
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Dushanbe1,600,100 inhabitants
Khujand931,900 inhabitants
Kulob392,100 inhabitants
Istaravshan310,000 inhabitants
Panjakent296,800 inhabitants
Tursunzoda292,600 inhabitants
Qurghonteppa (Bokhtar)266,300 inhabitants
Isfara265,100 inhabitants
Konibodom208,400 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Districts of Republican Subordination2,120,000 inhabitants28,600 km²
Dushanbe (City)846,400 inhabitants127 km²
Gorno-Badakhshan (Kuhistani Badakhshan) (Autonomous Region)226,900 inhabitants64,100 km²
Khatlon3,274,900 inhabitants24,600 km²
Sughd2,658,400 inhabitants25,200 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also