Official nameRussian Federation
Name in local languageРоссийская Федерация (ru)
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 9e)146,238,185 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth-0.35 % / year
Area17,125,402 km²
Density8.54 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 11e)1,699.877 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)11,585 $USD (2019)
GDP growth1.30 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)72.40 years (2018)
Birth rate12.90 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.70 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)12.90 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)6.00 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate99.72 % (2015)
Official languagesRussian
CurrencyRuble (₽ RUB)
HDI (ranking: 72e)0.824 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)63.79 (2018)
GovernmentFederal semi-presidential constitutional republic[2]
Head of StatePresident Vladimir Putin
National Day12 December (new Constitution of 1993)
Tourists (ranking)24,551,000 people (2018)
Russia – small
A big country that seeks to regain its power

Russia is the largest country in the world, with more than 17 million km2, far ahead of Canada, second. It is located astride Europe, to the west, and Asia, to the east. It covers a dozen time zones. It shares borders with many countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (Kaliningrad enclave), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, North Korea. It also has maritime borders very close to those of Japan (Kuriles) and the United States (Alaska) in the Pacific Ocean.
There are almost all types of climates, from the most isolated and icy in the far north, to the arid in the deserts to the south. Going through huge forests, plains, mountainous regions.

Lac Baïkal, Russie
Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia. The deepest lake in the world, it holds as much water as all the Great Lakes in North America. In spring, the ice melts and reveals frozen blocks of turquoise waters of the lake.
Centre de commerce international de Moscou, Russie.
World Trade Center, Moscow, Russia. Photo: Moscow Government
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Moscow20,215,638 inhabitants
Saint Petersburg6,290,174 inhabitants
Samara-Tolyatti2,732,321 inhabitants
Rostov-on-Don2,212,875 inhabitants
Yekaterinburg2,211,425 inhabitants
Novosibirsk2,093,266 inhabitants
Nizhny Novgorod2,086,972 inhabitants
Kazan1,680,834 inhabitants
Chelyabinsk1,608,652 inhabitants
Ufa1,454,053 inhabitants
Krasnodar1,441,866 inhabitants
Volgograd1,412,494 inhabitants
Voronezh1,332,382 inhabitants
Krasnoyarsk1,324,915 inhabitants
Novokuznetsk1,312,614 inhabitants
Perm1,306,876 inhabitants
Omsk1,261,079 inhabitants
Saratov1,234,511 inhabitants
Pyatigorsk1,194,859 inhabitants
Sevastopol1,180,263 inhabitants
Irkutsk1,088,310 inhabitants
Tula1,026,069 inhabitants
Izhevsk965,550 inhabitants
Naberezhnye Chelny955,750 inhabitants
Barnaul864,370 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Adygea454,744 inhabitants7,792 km²
Altai (Krai)2,332,813 inhabitants167,996 km²
Altai (Republic)218,866 inhabitants92,903 km²
Amur793,194 inhabitants361,913 km²
Arkhangelsk1,144,119 inhabitants589,913 km²
Astrakhan1,014,065 inhabitants49,024 km²
Bashkortostan (Bashkiria)4,051,005 inhabitants142,947 km²
Belgorod1,547,418 inhabitants27,134 km²
Bryansk1,200,187 inhabitants34,857 km²
Buryatia983,273 inhabitants351,334 km²
Chechnya1,456,951 inhabitants15,647 km²
Chelyabinsk3,475,753 inhabitants88,529 km²
Chukotka49,663 inhabitants721,481 km²
Chuvashia1,223,395 inhabitants18,343 km²
Crimea1,911,818 inhabitants26,081 km²
Dagestan3,086,126 inhabitants50,270 km²
Ingushetia497,393 inhabitants3,628 km²
Irkutsk2,397,763 inhabitants774,846 km²
Ivanovo1,004,180 inhabitants21,437 km²
Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO)159,913 inhabitants36,266 km²
Kabardino-Balkar866,219 inhabitants12,470 km²
Kaliningrad1,002,187 inhabitants15,125 km²
Kalmykia272,647 inhabitants74,731 km²
Kaluga1,009,380 inhabitants29,777 km²
Kamchatka314,723 inhabitants464,275 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also