Official nameRepublic of Georgia
Name in local languageსაქართველო (ka)
SubcontinentWestern Asia
Population (ranking: 135e)3,716,858 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth-0.18 % / year
Area57,178 km²
Density65.01 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 122e)17.743 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,769 $USD (2019)
GDP growth5.14 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.10 years (2019)
Birth rate13.00 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate2.00 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)12.50 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.90 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate99.79 % (2015)
Official languagesGeorgian, Abkhazian
CurrencyGeorgian lari (₾ GEL)
HDI (ranking: 80e)0.812 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)55.69 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Salomé Zourabichvili
National Day23 November (Saint George's Day)
Tourists (ranking)4,757,000 people (2018)
Georgia – small

Georgia is a Western Asian country located on the coast of the Black Sea in the Caucasus, straddling Eastern Europe and Asia. It is often considered to be culturally, historically and politically speaking part of Europe, while being geographically, physically in West Asia. It is surrounded by Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Armenia and Turkey to the south. Two regions of the country, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, unilaterally declared their independence with the military help of Russia.

Batoumi, sur la mer Noire, Géorgie
Batumi, on the Black Sea, Georgia. Photo: Jagermesh
Tbilissi, capitale de la Géorgie
Tbilisi, capitale of Georgia. Photo: Vladimer Shioshvili
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Urban areas (2020)
Urban areasPopulation
Tbilisi1,447,033 inhabitants
Batumi221,663 inhabitants
Kutaisi135,201 inhabitants
Gori121,053 inhabitants
Marneuli107,180 inhabitants
Zugdidi100,184 inhabitants
Kobuleti72,159 inhabitants
Poti41,498 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions (Mkhare), Autonomous RepublicsPopulationArea
Adjara (Autonomous Republic)351,892 inhabitants2,880 km²
Guria108,099 inhabitants2,033 km²
Imereti486,983 inhabitants6,415 km²
Kakheti310,051 inhabitants11,375 km²
Kvemo Kartli434,241 inhabitants6,436 km²
Mtskheta-Mtianeti93,343 inhabitants5,606 km²
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti29,080 inhabitants4,600 km²
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti311,113 inhabitants7,468 km²
Samtskhe–Javakheti152,114 inhabitants6,413 km²
Shida Kartli255,124 inhabitants3,428 km²
Tbilisi (City)1,184,818 inhabitants504 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also