South Ossetia-Alania

Official nameRepublic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania
Name in local languageРеспубликӕ Хуссар Ирыстон (os) ; სამხრეთ ოსეთის რესპუბლიკა (ka) ; Республика Южная Осетия (ru)
SubcontinentWestern Asia
Population (ranking: 218e)57,652 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.90 % / year
Area3,900 km²
Density14.78 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 241e)0.100 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,500 $USD (2017)
GDP growth0.00 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)73.40 years (2017)
Birth rate0.00 ‰
Fertility rate0.00 children / woman
Death rate (ranking)3.80 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)0.00 ‰
Literacy rate0.00 %
Official languagesOssetian, Russian, Georgian
CurrencyLari (GEL), Russian ruble (₽ RUB)
HDI (ranking: 99e)0.780 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Alan Gagloïev
National Day20 September (Constitution of 1990)
ISO Codes,
DemonymSouth Ossetian
South Ossetia-Alania

South Ossetia-Alania is a disputed territory located in the Caucasus in Europe. It seceded from Georgia in 1992 and proclaimed itself an independent republic. Georgia and the vast majority of UN countries do not recognize this independence and regard South Ossetia as an autonomous region of the Georgian province of Shida Kartli. Following the war of 2008, the independence of South Ossetia-Alania was recognized by Russia, Syria, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Abkhazia and Transnistria, the latter two territories being also contested and not recognized by a large part of the international community.

Koskhi, South Ossetia
Koskhi, South Ossetia
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Tskhinvali39,901 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also