Official nameRepublic of Nauru
Name in local languageRipublik Naoero or Repubrikin Naoero (na) ; Republic of Nauru (en)
Population (ranking: 237e)12,696 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth2.98 % / year
Area21 km²
Density596.06 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 233e)0.115 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)9,030 $USD (2018)
GDP growth-3.50 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)60.20 years (2015)
Birth rate29.60 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate3.90 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)8.30 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)34.90 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate96.50 % (2011)
Official languagesNauruan, English
CurrencyAustralian dollar ($ AUD)
HDI (ranking: 138e)0.721 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Baron Waqa
National Day31 January (independence of 1968)
Tourists (ranking)1,581 people (2013)
Nauru – petite

Nauru is an island state of Oceania located in Micronesia and one of the smallest states in the world. It is also the smallest republic in the world with just 21.3 km2. Nauru is located south of the Marshall Islands, north of the Solomon Islands, and west of the Kiribati.


Nauru has experienced an astonishing 20th century, first with huge revenues from phosphate mining, which has made it one of the richest countries in the world per capita. Then a brutal descent from the end of the 1980s, with a relative return to poverty. In recent years, the country has again managed to generate economic growth, and the population is returning to a better standard of living than at the beginning of the 21st century.

Installations industrielles à l'abandon, Nauru
Abandoned industrial facilities, Nauru
Plage à Nauru
Beach in Nauru. Photo: Lee Abbamonte
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Yaren12,696 inhabitants
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See also