Official nameRepublic of Kiribati
Name in local languageKiribati (gil)
Population (ranking: 205e)114,698 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.37 % / year
Area726 km²
Density157.99 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 229e)0.188 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,625 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)68.10 years (2018)
Birth rate30.00 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate4.00 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)7.48 ‰ (2010)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)45.00 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate70.96 % (2015)
Official languagesGilbertese, English
CurrencyAustralian dollar ($ AUD)
HDI (ranking: 171e)0.623 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)55.26 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Taaneti Mwamwau
National Day12 to 14 July (independence of 1979)
Tourists (ranking)4,029 people (2016)
Kiribati – petite

Kiribati is an archipelagic Oceanian state composed of three archipelagos of the Pacific Ocean grouping 33 main islands, 32 of which are atolls: the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands to which we must add an island raised, slightly out of the way, Banaba, the only elevated island.


The Gilbert Islands are located southeast of the Marshall Islands, northeast of Solomon Islands and Tuvalu, and east of Nauru. The Phoenix Islands are located north of Tokelau and the Cook Islands, and southeast of Baker and Howland. Finally, the easternmost Line Islands are located northwest of Tahiti, in French Polynesia, and south of the Hawaiian archipelago in the United States.
Although the islands of the archipelago represent very little land area, the vastness of Kiribati allows it to have about 3.55 million km2 of sea area, the approximate size of the European Union.

Atoll Caroline, Kiribati
Atoll Caroline, Kiribati
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
South Tarawa59,208 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Gilbert102,139 inhabitants285 km²
Line and Phoenix11,044 inhabitants441 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also