Official nameBolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Name in local languageRepública Bolivariana de Venezuela (es)
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 47e)31,828,110 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.26 % / year
Area916,445 km²
Density34.73 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 57e)178.036 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)5,594 $USD (2018)
GDP growth-18.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)72.10 years (2018)
Birth rate19.16 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate2.32 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)5.31 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)18.91 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate96.32 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish
CurrencyBolívar fuerte (VEF)
HDI (ranking: 132e)0.726 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)63.89 (2018)
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Nicolás Maduro
National Day5 July (independence of 1811)
Tourists (ranking)601,000 people (2016)
Venezuela – petite

Venezuela is a federal republic located in the most northerly part of South America. The country is bordered to the north by the Caribbean Sea, to the east by Guyana, to the south by Brazil, to the southwest and to the west by Colombia.

Caracas, capitale du Venezuela
Caracas, capital city of Venezuela. Photo: Wikipedia
Mont Roraima, Venezuela
Mount Roraima, Venezuela. Photo: Most Beautiful Spots
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Caracas4,938,596 inhabitants
Maracaïbo3,351,104 inhabitants
Valence (Valencia)1,818,628 inhabitants
Maracay1,711,144 inhabitants
Barquisimeto1,433,805 inhabitants
San Cristóbal1,015,623 inhabitants
Ciudad Guayana929,707 inhabitants
Barcelone (Barcelona)846,353 inhabitants
Maturín592,574 inhabitants
Porlamar529,058 inhabitants
Ciudad Bolívar450,223 inhabitants
Valera444,152 inhabitants
Acarigua-Araure437,495 inhabitants
Barinas436,923 inhabitants
Cumaná423,546 inhabitants
Mérida403,106 inhabitants
Punto Fijo377,128 inhabitants
San Felipe308,234 inhabitants
El Tigre292,203 inhabitants
Coro239,961 inhabitants
San Fernando213,335 inhabitants
Carora201,950 inhabitants
Puerto Cabello195,219 inhabitants
Carúpano180,984 inhabitants
Calabozo167,901 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Amazonas187,852 inhabitants180,145 km²
Anzoátegui1,706,078 inhabitants43,300 km²
Apure593,694 inhabitants76,500 km²
Aragua1,839,075 inhabitants7,014 km²
Barinas913,573 inhabitants35,200 km²
Bolívar1,809,306 inhabitants238,000 km²
Carabobo2,494,810 inhabitants4,650 km²
Cojedes357,866 inhabitants14,800 km²
Delta Amacuro197,233 inhabitants40,200 km²
Dépendances Fédérales2,248 inhabitants342 km²
District capitale de Caracas2,085,846 inhabitants433 km²
Falcón1,046,434 inhabitants24,800 km²
Guárico905,047 inhabitants64,986 km²
Lara2,007,190 inhabitants19,800 km²
Mérida1,007,934 inhabitants11,300 km²
Miranda3,228,435 inhabitants7,950 km²
Monagas995,584 inhabitants28,930 km²
Nueva Esparta584,873 inhabitants1,150 km²
Portuguesa1,024,277 inhabitants15,200 km²
Sucre1,059,488 inhabitants11,800 km²
Táchira1,255,869 inhabitants11,100 km²
Trujillo840,554 inhabitants7,400 km²
Vargas372,697 inhabitants1,496 km²
Yaracuy716,036 inhabitants7,100 km²
Zulia4,199,165 inhabitants63,100 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also