Official nameCanada
Name in local languageCanada (en ; fr)
SubcontinentNorth America
Population (ranking: 39e)37,870,467 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.42 % / year
Area9,984,670 km²
Density3.79 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 10e)1,709.327 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)46,125 $USD (2018)
GDP growth1.90 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.90 years (2015)
Birth rate10.60 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.49 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)7.40 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.70 ‰ (2018)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2019)
Official languagesFrench, English
CurrencyDollar ($ CAD)
HDI (ranking: 21e)0.926 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)72.18 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateGovernor General Julie Payette ; Monarch Queen Elizabeth II ; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
National Day1st July (Canada Day, Constitution Act in 1867)
Tourists (ranking)21,133,853 people (2018)
Canada – petite
An economy still based on oil and raw materials

Canada is located in North America. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. It is made up of ten provinces and three territories. It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the Arctic Ocean, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It shares the world’s longest border (8891 km) with its southern neighbor, the United States. Canada is the country with the largest freshwater reserves in the world.

Aurore boréale au-dessus de Jasper, Alberta, Canada
Aurora borealis above Jasper, Alberta, Canada. Photo:
Canada - évolution du PIB de 2001 à 2015
Canada: evolution of GDP between 2001 and 2015. Source: Statistics Canada, Radio-Canada
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Toronto6,341,935 inhabitants
Montreal4,255,541 inhabitants
Vancouver2,650,005 inhabitants
Calgary1,486,050 inhabitants
Edmonton1,420,916 inhabitants
Ottawa-Gatineau1,414,399 inhabitants
Winnipeg832,186 inhabitants
Quebec817,408 inhabitants
Hamilton786,641 inhabitants
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo567,740 inhabitants
London532,984 inhabitants
Halifax430,512 inhabitants
St. Catharines–Niagara429,036 inhabitants
Oshawa405,631 inhabitants
Victoria395,523 inhabitants
Saskatoon322,568 inhabitants
Regina257,337 inhabitants
Sherbrooke218,797 inhabitants
St. John's212,501 inhabitants
Kelowna212,311 inhabitants
Barrie210,800 inhabitants
Abbotsford-Mission196,007 inhabitants
Kingston173,450 inhabitants
Sudbury171,471 inhabitants
Guelph162,612 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces and territoriesPopulationArea
Alberta4,409,325 inhabitants661,848 km²
British Columbia5,111,912 inhabitants944,735 km²
Manitoba1,376,789 inhabitants647,797 km²
New Brunswick780,336 inhabitants72,908 km²
Newfoundland and Labrador521,388 inhabitants405,212 km²
Northwest Territories (Territory)44,980 inhabitants1,346,106 km²
Nova Scotia977,699 inhabitants55,284 km²
Nunavut (Territory)38,960 inhabitants2,093,190 km²
Ontario14,694,317 inhabitants1,076,395 km²
Prince Edward Island157,617 inhabitants5,660 km²
Quebec8,535,799 inhabitants1,542,056 km²
Saskatchewan1,180,283 inhabitants651,036 km²
Yukon (Territory)41,074 inhabitants482,443 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also