Official nameCanada
Name in local languageCanada (en ; fr)
SubcontinentNorth America
Population (ranking: 38e)38,222,378 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth1.56 % / year
Area9,984,670 km²
Density3.83 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 10e)1,709.327 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)46,125 $USD (2018)
GDP growth1.90 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.30 years (2018)
Birth rate10.60 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.49 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)7.40 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.70 ‰ (2018)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2019)
Official languagesFrench, English
CurrencyDollar ($ CAD)
HDI (ranking: 22e)0.922 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)72.18 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateGovernor General Julie Payette ; Monarch Queen Elizabeth II ; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
National Day1st July (Canada Day, Constitution Act in 1867)
Tourists (ranking)22,141,939 people (2019)
Canada – petite
An economy still based on oil and raw materials

Canada is located in North America. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. It is made up of ten provinces and three territories. It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the Arctic Ocean, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It shares the world’s longest border (8891 km) with its southern neighbor, the United States. Canada is the country with the largest freshwater reserves in the world.

Aurore boréale au-dessus de Jasper, Alberta, Canada
Aurora borealis above Jasper, Alberta, Canada. Photo:
Canada - évolution du PIB de 2001 à 2015
Canada: evolution of GDP between 2001 and 2015. Source: Statistics Canada, Radio-Canada
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Toronto6,471,850 inhabitants
Montreal4,318,505 inhabitants
Vancouver2,691,351 inhabitants
Calgary1,514,723 inhabitants
Edmonton1,447,143 inhabitants
Ottawa-Gatineau1,441,118 inhabitants
Winnipeg844,566 inhabitants
Quebec824,411 inhabitants
Hamilton794,716 inhabitants
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo584,259 inhabitants
London545,441 inhabitants
Halifax440,348 inhabitants
St. Catharines–Niagara434,927 inhabitants
Oshawa413,936 inhabitants
Victoria402,271 inhabitants
Detroit - Windsor (Canadian part)354,917 inhabitants
Saskatoon330,674 inhabitants
Regina261,684 inhabitants
Sherbrooke221,043 inhabitants
Kelowna217,229 inhabitants
Barrie213,660 inhabitants
St. John's212,433 inhabitants
Abbotsford-Mission201,953 inhabitants
Kingston175,708 inhabitants
Sudbury172,216 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces and territoriesPopulationArea
Alberta4,462,939 inhabitants661,848 km²
British Columbia5,164,402 inhabitants944,735 km²
Manitoba1,383,337 inhabitants647,797 km²
New Brunswick785,193 inhabitants72,908 km²
Newfoundland and Labrador519,891 inhabitants405,212 km²
Northwest Territories (Territory)45,033 inhabitants1,346,106 km²
Nova Scotia983,631 inhabitants55,284 km²
Nunavut (Territory)40,331 inhabitants2,093,190 km²
Ontario14,850,227 inhabitants1,076,395 km²
Prince Edward Island160,798 inhabitants5,660 km²
Quebec8,602,262 inhabitants1,542,056 km²
Saskatchewan1,182,341 inhabitants651,036 km²
Yukon (Territory)42,002 inhabitants482,443 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also