Official nameCanada
Name in local languageCanada (en ; fr)
SubcontinentNorth America
Population (ranking: 37e)38,939,575 inhabitants (2022)
Population growth0.55 % / year
Area9,984,670 km²
Density3.90 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 11e)1,643.408 billions $USD (2020)
GDP/capita (ranking)43,242 $USD (2020)
GDP growth-5.40 % / year (2020)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.40 years (2019)
Birth rate10.60 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.47 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)7.40 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.40 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2021)
Official languagesFrench, English
CurrencyDollar ($ CAD)
HDI (ranking: 21e)0.929 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)72.18 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateGovernor General Mary Simon ; Monarch King Charles III ; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
National Day1st July (Canada Day, Constitution Act in 1867)
Tourists (ranking)22,141,939 people (2019)
Canada – petite
A diversified economy but still based on oil and raw materials

Canada is located in North America. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. It is made up of ten provinces and three territories. It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the Arctic Ocean, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It shares the world’s longest border (8891 km) with its southern neighbor, the United States. Canada is the country with the largest freshwater reserves in the world.

Aurore boréale au-dessus de Jasper, Alberta, Canada
Aurora borealis above Jasper, Alberta, Canada. Photo:
Canada - évolution du PIB de 2001 à 2015
Canada: evolution of GDP between 2001 and 2015. Source: Statistics Canada, Radio-Canada
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2020)
Urban areasPopulation
Toronto6,555,205 inhabitants
Montreal4,364,189 inhabitants
Vancouver2,737,698 inhabitants
Calgary1,543,283 inhabitants
Edmonton1,468,926 inhabitants
Ottawa-Gatineau1,461,494 inhabitants
Winnipeg850,056 inhabitants
Quebec832,328 inhabitants
Hamilton804,691 inhabitants
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo593,882 inhabitants
London551,066 inhabitants
Halifax448,544 inhabitants
St. Catharines–Niagara437,114 inhabitants
Oshawa423,036 inhabitants
Victoria408,883 inhabitants
Detroit - Windsor (Canadian part)356,880 inhabitants
Saskatoon336,614 inhabitants
Regina263,184 inhabitants
Sherbrooke224,557 inhabitants
Kelowna222,748 inhabitants
Barrie218,188 inhabitants
St. John's214,014 inhabitants
Abbotsford-Mission204,265 inhabitants
Kingston176,184 inhabitants
Greater Sudbury172,462 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces and territoriesPopulationArea
Alberta4,541,090 inhabitants661,848 km²
British Columbia5,338,010 inhabitants944,735 km²
Manitoba1,397,957 inhabitants647,797 km²
New Brunswick809,617 inhabitants72,908 km²
Newfoundland and Labrador525,073 inhabitants405,212 km²
Northwest Territories (Territory)45,541 inhabitants1,346,106 km²
Nova Scotia1,018,025 inhabitants55,284 km²
Nunavut (Territory)40,962 inhabitants2,093,190 km²
Ontario15,121,592 inhabitants1,076,395 km²
Prince Edward Island171,303 inhabitants5,660 km²
Quebec8,695,780 inhabitants1,542,056 km²
Saskatchewan1,190,482 inhabitants651,036 km²
Yukon (Territory)44,150 inhabitants482,443 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also