Official nameCanada
Name in local languageCanada (en ; fr)
SubcontinentNorth America
Population (ranking: 39e)37,242,571 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.44 % / year
Area9,984,670 km²
Density3.73 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 10e)1,653.043 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)45,032 $USD (2017)
GDP growth3.05 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.90 years (2015)
Birth rate10.60 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.49 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)7.40 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.50 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesFrench, English
CurrencyDollar ($ CAD)
HDI (ranking: 19e)0.926 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)72.18 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateGovernor General Julie Payette ; Monarch Queen Elizabeth II ; Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
National Day1st July (Canada Day, Constitution Act in 1867)
Tourists (ranking)20,846,000 people (2017)
Canada – petite
An economy still based on oil and raw materials

Canada is located in North America. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. It is made up of ten provinces and three territories. It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the Arctic Ocean, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. It shares the world’s longest border (8891 km) with its southern neighbor, the United States. Canada is the country with the largest freshwater reserves in the world.

Aurore boréale au-dessus de Jasper, Alberta, Canada
Aurora borealis above Jasper, Alberta, Canada. Photo:
Canada - évolution du PIB de 2001 à 2015
Canada: evolution of GDP between 2001 and 2015. Source: Statistics Canada, Radio-Canada
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Toronto6,346,088 inhabitants
Montreal4,138,254 inhabitants
Vancouver2,571,262 inhabitants
Calgary1,488,841 inhabitants
Edmonton1,411,945 inhabitants
Ottawa-Gatineau1,377,016 inhabitants
Winnipeg825,713 inhabitants
Quebec812,205 inhabitants
Hamilton787,195 inhabitants
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo527,765 inhabitants
London521,756 inhabitants
Halifax431,701 inhabitants
St. Catharines–Niagara416,539 inhabitants
Oshawa402,399 inhabitants
Victoria377,414 inhabitants
Windsor344,747 inhabitants
Saskatoon323,809 inhabitants
Regina253,220 inhabitants
St. John's219,207 inhabitants
Sherbrooke218,633 inhabitants
Barrie209,081 inhabitants
Kelowna202,208 inhabitants
Abbotsford-Mission190,714 inhabitants
Kingston173,862 inhabitants
Sudbury165,270 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces and territoriesPopulationArea
Alberta4,330,206 inhabitants661,848 km²
British Columbia5,016,322 inhabitants944,735 km²
Manitoba1,356,836 inhabitants647,797 km²
New Brunswick772,238 inhabitants72,908 km²
Newfoundland and Labrador525,073 inhabitants405,212 km²
Northwest Territories (Territory)44,445 inhabitants1,346,106 km²
Nova Scotia964,693 inhabitants55,284 km²
Nunavut (Territory)38,650 inhabitants2,093,190 km²
Ontario14,411,424 inhabitants1,076,395 km²
Prince Edward Island154,750 inhabitants5,660 km²
Quebec8,421,698 inhabitants1,542,056 km²
Saskatchewan1,165,903 inhabitants651,036 km²
Yukon (Territory)40,333 inhabitants482,443 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also