Belarus (Byelorussia)

Official nameRepublic of Belarus
Name in local languageРэспубліка Беларусь (be) ; Республика Беларусь (ru)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 95e)9,408,405 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth-0.71 % / year
Area207,605 km²
Density45.32 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 79e)59.662 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)6,290 $USD (2018)
GDP growth3.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.60 years (2018)
Birth rate9.30 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate1.62 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)12.80 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.40 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate99.84 % (2015)
Official languagesBelarusian, Russian
CurrencyBelarusian ruble (BYN)
HDI (ranking: 73e)0.817 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)64.98 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic (dictatorship in fact)
Head of StatePresident Alexander Lukashenko
National Day27 July (State Sovereignty Declaration of 1990)
ISO CodesBY, BLR
DemonymBelarusian
Tourists (ranking)2,000,000 people (2017)
Biélorussie – petite

Byelorussia, also called Belarus (by the United Nations in particular), is a country of Eastern Europe, without access to the sea, bordered to the west by Poland, to the north by Latvia and Lithuania, to the east by Russia and south by Ukraine.

Minsk, capitale de la Biélorussie
Minsk, capitale of Belarus. Photo: Vadim Sazanovich
Place de l'indépendance, Minsk, Biélorussie
Place of the Independance, Minsk, Belarus. Photo: Zedlik
Lac Strusta, Biélorussie
Lake Strusta, Belarus. Photo: Zedlik
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Urban areas (2020)
Urban areasPopulation
Minsk2,645,500 inhabitants
Homiel (Homieĺ/Gomel)535,229 inhabitants
Moguilev (Mahilioŭ)380,440 inhabitants
Grodno (Hrodna)373,547 inhabitants
Vitebsk (Viciebsk)369,933 inhabitants
Brest (formerly Brest-Litovsk)350,616 inhabitants
Babrujsk217,940 inhabitants
Barysaw (Barysaŭ)180,100 inhabitants
Baranavichy (Baranavičy)179,439 inhabitants
Mazyr150,103 inhabitants
Pinsk138,202 inhabitants
Orsha (Orša)115,938 inhabitants
Salihorsk106,627 inhabitants
Novopolotsk (Navapołack)102,288 inhabitants
Lida101,165 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions (Voblasts)PopulationArea
Brest1,386,982 inhabitants32,786 km²
Homiel1,422,941 inhabitants40,370 km²
Hrodna1,050,125 inhabitants25,127 km²
Mahiliow1,067,645 inhabitants29,068 km²
Minsk (Ville)1,959,781 inhabitants349 km²
Minsk (Région)1,417,303 inhabitants39,854 km²
Vitebsk1,193,587 inhabitants40,051 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also