Taiwan

Official nameRepublic of China
Name in local languageZhonghuá Mínguó ; 中華民國 (zh)
ContinentAsia
SubcontinentEast Asia
Population (ranking: 58e)23,584,865 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.08 % / year
Area36,197 km²
Density651.57 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 21e)602.680 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)25,534 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.60 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)80.20 years (2015)
Birth rate8.50 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate1.07 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)6.70 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.90 ‰ (2013)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesMandarin
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$ TWD)
HDI (ranking: 32e)0.907 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)72.84 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Tsai Ing-wen
National Day10 October (Revolution of 1911)
ISO CodesTW, TWN
DemonymTaiwanese
Tourists (ranking)10,740,000 people (2017)
Taïwan – petite
Diplomatic back and forth

Taiwan is an independent island state located in eastern Asia, off mainland China. It is located in the south of Japan and north of the Philippines.
In fact, Taiwan has administrative and political independence from the continent, but its independence has never been proclaimed by either the island government or the continent. It is considered by the UN as a province of the People’s Republic of China, to which it belonged until its conquest by Japan in 1895. The latter lost the island after its defeat in 1945, and Taiwan returned to the Mainland China. In 1949, after its defeat in the civil war with the Communist Party, the Kuomintang settled in Taiwan, and since then has controlled the island. The Taiwan Government regards the island as a province of the Republic of China, as stipulated in its pre-1949 constitution. Taiwan claims sovereignty over all of mainland China, as well as parts of the territory of Taiwan, and some neighboring country parts. Beijing claims sovereignty over the island of Taiwan and sees a bad eye any rapprochement of the island with other countries, hence the diplomatic ban of Taiwan. In 1971, the People’s Republic of China, that is to say Beijing, even replaced the Republic of China, Taiwan, at the United Nations, since then.
Since the 1980s, Taipei and Beijing have embarked on a diplomatic rapprochement that has enabled, among other things, residents of both countries to meet and travel freely. However, the armies of both countries are closely watching each other.

Taipei - panorama
Taipei – panorama. Photo: Chensiyuan, Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Taipei9,194,775 inhabitants
Taichung - Changhua4,054,385 inhabitants
Kaohsiung3,615,163 inhabitants
Taïnan1,886,033 inhabitants
Hsinchu984,818 inhabitants
Chiayi785,194 inhabitants
Kinmen135,114 inhabitants
Taitung106,929 inhabitants
Hualien106,368 inhabitants
Penghu103,263 inhabitants
Nantou102,314 inhabitants
Yilan95,885 inhabitants
Miaoli90,963 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces and MunicipalitiesPopulationArea
Fujian (Province)147,709 inhabitants180 km²
Kaohsiung (Municipalité spéciale)2,779,371 inhabitants2,952 km²
Nouveau Taipei (Municipalité spéciale)3,979,208 inhabitants2,053 km²
Taichung (Municipalité spéciale)2,767,239 inhabitants2,215 km²
Taïnan (Municipalité spéciale)1,886,033 inhabitants2,192 km²
Taipei (Municipalité spéciale)2,695,704 inhabitants272 km²
Taïwan (province)7,136,789 inhabitants25,110 km²
Taoyuan (Municipalité spéciale)2,147,763 inhabitants1,221 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also