Philippines

Official nameRepublic of the Philippines
Name in local languageRepublika ng Pilipinas (fil) ; República de Filipinas (es)
ContinentAsia
SubcontinentSoutheast Asia
Population (ranking: 12e)107,558,661 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.59 % / year
Area300,439 km²
Density358.00 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 39e)313.595 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,989 $USD (2017)
GDP growth6.70 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)68.27 years (2014)
Birth rate23.55 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate2.98 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)6.73 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)22.20 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate98.22 % (2015)
Official languagesFilipino (or Tagalog), English
CurrencyPiso (PHP)
HDI (ranking: 151e)0.699 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)57.65 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Rodrigo Duterte
National Day12 June (independence of 1896)
ISO CodesPH, PHL
DemonymFilipina (feminine), Filipino (masculine)
Tourists (ranking)6,621,000 people (2018)
Philippines – petite
100 million inhabitants

The Philippines is a Southeast Asian country consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands bordering the western fringe of the Pacific Ocean. Only about 2000 islands are inhabited. It shares maritime borders with Malaysia to the west, Indonesia to the south and Taiwan to the north.
It is the last country to accede to the restricted club of the countries of more than 100 million inhabitants, mark that it reached July 27, 2014. It is even envisaged that the country will have 142 million inhabitants in 2045. Figure that slows the progress of the fight against poverty in the country. With the current economic growth, many Filipinos are emerging from poverty and extreme poverty. In 2015, 21.6% of people lived in poverty ($ -2 per day), compared to 26.6% in 2006. Progress could be faster.

Manille, capitale des Philippines
Manille, capital city of the Philippines. Photo: Patrick Roque
Grottes de Tabon, Philippines
Tabon Caves, remnant of the oldest human traces in the Philippines. Photo: Jimaggro
Rizières de Banaue, Philippines
Ricefields of Banaue, more than 2000 years old and listed as World Heritage by UNESCO, Philippines. Source: Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2015)
Urban areasPopulation
Manille24,197,302 inhabitants
Cebu2,849,213 inhabitants
Davao2,516,216 inhabitants
Cagayán de Oro1,376,343 inhabitants
Ángeles1,132,933 inhabitants
Iloilo-Guimaras946,146 inhabitants
Zamboanga861,799 inhabitants
Naga799,955 inhabitants
Bacolod791,019 inhabitants
Baguio611,316 inhabitants
General Santos594,446 inhabitants
Batangas486,595 inhabitants
Dagupan372,756 inhabitants
Iligan342,618 inhabitants
Olongapo337,811 inhabitants
Butuan337,063 inhabitants
Cotabato299,438 inhabitants
Lucena266,248 inhabitants
Puerto Princesa255,116 inhabitants
Tacloban242,089 inhabitants
Isabela112,788 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) (Autonomous region)4,080,825 inhabitants12,712 km²
Bicol5,796,989 inhabitants18,114 km²
Cagayan Valley3,451,410 inhabitants26,837 km²
CALABARZON (Southern Tagalog Mainland)14,414,774 inhabitants16,229 km²
Caraga2,596,709 inhabitants18,848 km²
Central Luzon11,218,177 inhabitants21,543 km²
Central Visayas6,041,903 inhabitants14,852 km²
Cordillera1,722,006 inhabitants18,294 km²
Davao4,893,318 inhabitants20,244 km²
Eastern Visayas4,440,150 inhabitants21,431 km²
Ilocos5,026,128 inhabitants12,840 km²
MIMAROPA (Southwestern Tagalog)2,963,360 inhabitants27,456 km²
National Capital12,877,253 inhabitants617 km²
Northern Mindanao4,689,302 inhabitants20,132 km²
SOCCSKSARGEN4,545,276 inhabitants18,926 km²
Western Visayas4,477,247 inhabitants20,440 km²
Zamboanga Peninsula3,629,783 inhabitants14,811 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also