United Kingdom

Official nameUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Name in local languageUnited Kingdom (en)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 22e)67,081,234 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth0.88 % / year
Area242,545 km²
Density276.57 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 5e)3,186.860 billions $USD (2021)
GDP/capita (ranking)47,334 $USD (2021)
GDP growth7.40 % / year (2021)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.20 years (2018)
Birth rate10.20 ‰ (2020)
Fertility rate1.56 children / woman (2020)
Death rate (ranking)10.30 ‰ (2020)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.90 ‰ (2020)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2022)
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
CurrencyPound sterling (£ GBP)
HDI (ranking: 22e)0.929 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)79.89 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateKing Charles III ; Prime minister Liz Truss
National Day21 April (Queen's birthday)
ISO CodesGB, GBR
DemonymBritish
Tourists (ranking)37,651,000 people (2017)
United Kingdom – small

The United Kingdom is a Western European country whose territory includes the island of Great Britain and the northern part of the island of Ireland, a country with which it has a border, as well as many small islands around the archipelago. It is located in front of France, which whom it shares a border via the Channel Tunnel, Belgium and the Netherlands. It is composed of four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Londres, capitale du Royaume-Uni
London, capital city of the United Kingdom. Photo: Daniel Chapma, Wikipedia
Loch Lubnaig, Callander, Écosse, Royaume-Uni
Loch Lubnaig, Callander, Scotland, UK. Source: Wildlife Archives
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
London14,372,596 inhabitants
Birmingham (West Midlands)3,689,233 inhabitants
Manchester2,782,141 inhabitants
Leeds (West Yorkshire)2,299,673 inhabitants
Glasgow1,861,315 inhabitants
Liverpool1,784,475 inhabitants
Newcastle upon Tyne (North East)1,650,900 inhabitants
Nottingham - Derby (East Midlands)1,614,379 inhabitants
Sheffield (South Yorkshire)1,566,412 inhabitants
Portsmouth - Southampton1,167,177 inhabitants
Bristol1,157,937 inhabitants
Cardiff1,140,165 inhabitants
Edinburgh901,455 inhabitants
Belfast789,817 inhabitants
Bournemouth713,303 inhabitants
Leicester681,260 inhabitants
Middlesbrough567,986 inhabitants
Swansea532,489 inhabitants
Aberdeen495,365 inhabitants
Brighton397,834 inhabitants
Cambridge288,267 inhabitants
Oxford161,291 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Countries of the United KingdomPopulationArea
England56,550,138 inhabitants130,310 km²
Northern Ireland1,905,835 inhabitants13,547 km²
Scotland5,466,000 inhabitants77,911 km²
Wales3,169,586 inhabitants20,736 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also