Official nameKingdom of Belgium
Name in local languageRoyaume de Belgique (fr) ; Koninkrijk België (nl) ; Königreich Belgien (de)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 84e)11,376,070 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.48 % / year
Area30,688 km²
Density370.70 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 24e)531.767 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)46,556 $USD (2018)
GDP growth1.40 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.40 years (2016)
Birth rate11.10 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.69 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)9.60 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.30 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesDutch, French, German
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 26e)0.916 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)77.38 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateKing Philippe
National Day21 July (Constitutional oath of Leopold I in 1831)
Tourists (ranking)8,358,000 people (2017)
Belgique – petite

Belgium is a country in Western Europe, bordered by France to the south, the Netherlands to the north, Germany and Luxembourg to the east, and the North Sea to the west. It is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts, in its capital Brussels, the main institutions (the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission), as well as those of other international organizations as important as NATO.

Bruxelles - Atomium
Atomium, Brussels
Bruxelles - Grand Place
Grand Place, Brussels
Liège, Belgique
Liège, Belgium
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Brussels (Bruxelles)2,967,513 inhabitants
Antwerp (Antwerpen - Anvers)1,128,828 inhabitants
Liège728,651 inhabitants
Ghent (Gand)567,949 inhabitants
Charleroi481,972 inhabitants
Mons257,291 inhabitants
Bruges253,221 inhabitants
Kortrijk (Courtrai)216,009 inhabitants
Namur134,962 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Brussels1,198,726 inhabitants162 km²
Flanders6,552,967 inhabitants13,624 km²
Wallonia3,624,377 inhabitants16,901 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also