Official nameKingdom of the Netherlands
Name in local languageKoninkrijk van Nederland (nl)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 68e)17,182,462 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.60 % / year
Area41,542 km²
Density413.62 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 17e)912.872 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)52,978 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.70 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.10 years (2018)
Birth rate10.40 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.78 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)8.66 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.62 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesDutch
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 19e)0.933 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)75.46 (2018)
GovernmentSemi-federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateKing Willem-Alexander
National Day27 April (day of the king)
Tourists (ranking)17,924,000 people (2017)
Pays-Bas – petite
A flat country very open to the world

The Netherlands is a western European state bordered by the North Sea, Belgium to the south and Germany to the east. It is a constitutional monarchy.
The country is very open to the international. Its geographical position, in the heart of the European “Blue Banana”, makes it a central point, especially for the transport of goods. Rotterdam, even though it is no longer the world’s leading port because of the very strong growth of Chinese ports, remains the largest in all of Europe.

Amsterdam - panorama
Amsterdam, capital city of the Netherlands. Photo: Swimmerguy269, Wikipedia
Markthal, Rotterdam, Pays-Bas
Markthal, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Source: Most Beautiful Spots, Daria Scagliola, Stijn Brakkee
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Randstad7,879,720 inhabitants
Amsterdam2,437,114 inhabitants
Rotterdam2,279,459 inhabitants
Alma2,215,374 inhabitants
Brabant1,944,588 inhabitants
La Haye (s-Gravenhage)1,054,793 inhabitants
Eindhoven755,313 inhabitants
Utrecht656,342 inhabitants
Breda-Tilburg553,706 inhabitants
Arnhem361,048 inhabitants
Groningen360,748 inhabitants
Nimègue287,517 inhabitants
Apeldoorn213,899 inhabitants
Maastricht182,721 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Brabant-Septentrional2,479,274 inhabitants5,082 km²
Drenthe488,988 inhabitants2,680 km²
Flevoland399,893 inhabitants2,412 km²
Frise646,317 inhabitants5,749 km²
Groningue582,728 inhabitants2,960 km²
Gueldre2,019,692 inhabitants5,137 km²
Hollande-Méridionale3,577,032 inhabitants3,419 km²
Hollande-Septentrionale2,741,369 inhabitants4,092 km²
Limbourg1,120,006 inhabitants2,209 km²
Overijssel1,139,697 inhabitants3,421 km²
Utrecht1,253,672 inhabitants1,449 km²
Zélande380,621 inhabitants2,934 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also