Official nameFederal Republic of Germany
Name in local languageBundesrepublik Deutschland (de)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 17e)82,886,977 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.27 % / year
Area357,386 km²
Density231.93 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 4e)3,677.439 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)44,470 $USD (2017)
GDP growth2.20 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)80.26 years (2012)
Birth rate8.40 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate1.59 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)11.10 ‰ (2013)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.20 ‰ (2012)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesGerman
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 13e)0.936 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)78.37 (2018)
GovernmentFederal constitutional parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Frank-Walter Steinmeier ; Chancellor Angela Merkel
National Day3 October (Reunification of 1990)
Tourists (ranking)37,452,000 people (2017)
Allemagne – petite
The population is rising thanks to massive immigration

Germany is a federal state of Central Europe, bordered by the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the north, Poland and the Czechia to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and by the France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west. It occupies a strategic central position in the heart of Europe and the European Union. It is organized in “Länder”, or Federated States, numbering 16.
Europe’s leading industrial powerhouse, and one of the largest in the world, Germany is a major exporting country. It has leading companies in many fields, including automotive and machine tools.

Berlin, Allemagne
Berlin, Germany. Photo: Wikipedia
Suisse saxonne, Allemagne
Saxon Switzerland, Germany. Photo: Andreas Steinhoff, Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2012)
Urban areasPopulation
Ruhr11,857,353 inhabitants
Berlin4,469,439 inhabitants
Francfort3,973,266 inhabitants
Hambourg3,173,871 inhabitants
Munich2,768,488 inhabitants
Stuttgart2,668,439 inhabitants
Mannheim1,392,263 inhabitants
Leipzig-Halle1,362,128 inhabitants
Dresde1,328,759 inhabitants
Nuremberg1,321,451 inhabitants
Chemnitz-Zwickau1,225,883 inhabitants
Bielefeld1,156,782 inhabitants
Hanovre1,144,481 inhabitants
Brême976,819 inhabitants
Saarbruck815,296 inhabitants
Karlsruhe722,672 inhabitants
Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)686,676 inhabitants
Brunswick588,778 inhabitants
Augsbourg576,413 inhabitants
Munster538,508 inhabitants
Kiel503,610 inhabitants
Kassel481,172 inhabitants
Fribourg462,360 inhabitants
Heidelberg427,514 inhabitants
Ulm396,948 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
States (Länder)PopulationArea
Bade-Wurtemberg10,879,618 inhabitants35,751 km²
Basse-Saxe7,926,599 inhabitants47,615 km²
Bavière12,843,514 inhabitants70,550 km²
Berlin3,520,031 inhabitants892 km²
Brandebourg2,484,826 inhabitants29,654 km²
Brême671,489 inhabitants419 km²
Hambourg1,787,408 inhabitants755 km²
Hesse6,176,172 inhabitants21,115 km²
Mecklembourg-Poméranie Occidentale1,612,362 inhabitants23,214 km²
Rhénanie du Nord-Westphalie17,865,516 inhabitants34,110 km²
Rhénanie-Palatinat4,052,803 inhabitants19,854 km²
Sarre995,597 inhabitants2,569 km²
Saxe4,084,851 inhabitants18,420 km²
Saxe-Anhalt2,245,470 inhabitants20,452 km²
Schleswig-Holstein2,858,714 inhabitants15,802 km²
Thuringe2,170,714 inhabitants16,202 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also