Official nameRepublic of Austria
Name in local languageRepublik Österreich (de)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 100e)8,822,267 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.56 % / year
Area83,879 km²
Density105.18 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 29e)455.737 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)51,513 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.70 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.40 years (2018)
Birth rate9.60 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.49 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)9.20 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.90 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesGerman
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 33e)0.914 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)78.97 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Alexander Van der Bellen
National Day26 October (vote of permanent neutrality in 1955)
Tourists (ranking)29,460,000 people (2018)
Autriche – petite

Austria is a federal state located in the heart of Europe. It shares borders with Germany and Czechia to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, Liechtenstein and Switzerland to the west. The country is largely covered with mountains (Alps). It is one of the few countries without access to the sea.

Restaurant Ice Q, Sölden, Autriche
Restaurant Ice Q, Sölden, Austria. Photo: Most Beautiful Spots
Vienne, capitale de l'Autriche
Vienna, capital of Austria. Photo: Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Vienna2,717,459 inhabitants
Linz771,695 inhabitants
Graz613,286 inhabitants
Salzburg353,429 inhabitants
Innsbruck298,647 inhabitants
Bregenz180,987 inhabitants
Klagenfurt99,110 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
States (Bundesländer)PopulationArea
Burgenland292,592 inhabitants3,966 km²
Carinthia (Kärnten)560,915 inhabitants9,533 km²
Lower Austria (Niederösterreich)1,669,944 inhabitants19,174 km²
Salzburg551,863 inhabitants7,154 km²
Styria (Steiermark)1,239,153 inhabitants16,388 km²
Tyrol (Tirol)749,853 inhabitants12,647 km²
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich)1,472,422 inhabitants11,980 km²
Vienna (Wien)1,883,706 inhabitants415 km²
Vorarlberg391,334 inhabitants2,601 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also