Official nameSlovak Republic
Name in local languageSlovenská republika (sk)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 120e)5,450,421 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth0.13 % / year
Area49,034 km²
Density111.16 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 65e)106.472 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)19,547 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.10 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)77.40 years (2018)
Birth rate10.69 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.48 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)9.91 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.54 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2019)
Official languagesSlovak
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 56e)0.857 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)70.76 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Zuzana Čaputová
National Day1 January (Slovak Republic)
Tourists (ranking)2,162,384 people (2017)
Slovaquie – petite

Slovakia is a country located in central Europe, in the heart of continental Europe and east of the European Union, of which it has been a member since 2004. Its border countries are Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest and the Czechia to the northwest. From October 28, 1918 to March 21, 1939, and from April 4, 1945 to December 31, 1992, she was part of Czechoslovakia.

Bratislava, capitale of Slovakia
Bratislava, capitale of Slovakia. Photo: Marc Ryckaert
Kriváň Peak, Slovakia
Kriváň Peak (2494 m), Slovakia. Photo: Kristian Slimak
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Bratislava659,597 inhabitants
Košice367,712 inhabitants
Prešov175,038 inhabitants
Nitra161,441 inhabitants
Žilina157,807 inhabitants
Trnava132,130 inhabitants
Trenčín114,376 inhabitants
Banská Bystrica110,941 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions (Kraje)PopulationArea
Banská Bystrica (Banskobystrický)647,874 inhabitants9,454 km²
Bratislava (Bratislavský)659,597 inhabitants2,053 km²
Košice (Košický)800,414 inhabitants6,754 km²
Nitra (Nitriansky)676,672 inhabitants6,344 km²
Prešov (Prešovský)825,022 inhabitants8,973 km²
Trenčín (Trenčiansky)585,883 inhabitants4,502 km²
Trnava (Trnavský)563,591 inhabitants4,146 km²
Žilina (Žilinský)691,368 inhabitants6,809 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also