Official nameCzechia (Czech Republic)
Name in local languageČeská republika (cs)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 87e)10,526,937 inhabitants (2023)
Population growth0.15 % / year
Area78,867 km²
Density133.48 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 41e)281.778 billions $USD (2021)
GDP/capita (ranking)26,821 $USD (2021)
GDP growth3.50 % / year (2021)
Life expectancy (ranking)77.30 years (2022)
Birth rate10.40 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate1.63 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)10.80 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.80 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2023)
Official languagesCzech
CurrencyCzech koruna (Kč CZK)
HDI (ranking: 42e)0.889 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)67.68 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Petr Pavel
National Day28 October (Independence from Austria-Hungary in 1918)
Tourists (ranking)14,283,000 people (2018)
Tchéquie – petite

Czechia (Czech Republic) is a central European country without access to the sea, surrounded by Poland to the northeast, Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the southeast. Grouping together the historic regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia, the Czech Republic has been independent since 1 January 1993 on the occasion of the split of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, in other words Czechoslovakia, which thus included Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Prague, Tchéquie
Prague, Czechia
Pont Charles, Prague, Tchéquie
Charles Bridge, Prague, Czechia
Tchéquie - montagnes
Mountains in Czechia
Tchéquie - campagne
Countryside in Czechia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Prague2,002,930 inhabitants
Ostrava1,111,281 inhabitants
Brno803,497 inhabitants
Ústí nad Labem734,303 inhabitants
Olomouc473,451 inhabitants
Hradec Králové - Pardubice441,344 inhabitants
Plzeň382,847 inhabitants
Liberec265,339 inhabitants
České Budějovice255,966 inhabitants
Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad)203,356 inhabitants
Zlín191,711 inhabitants
Kolín - Kutná Hora176,974 inhabitants
Mladá Boleslav129,136 inhabitants
Příbram114,778 inhabitants
Tábor102,497 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions (Kraje)PopulationArea
Central Bohemia (Středočeský)1,369,332 inhabitants11,016 km²
Hradec Králové (Královéhradecký)551,021 inhabitants4,759 km²
Karlovy Vary (Karlovarský)294,896 inhabitants3,314 km²
Liberec (Liberecký)442,356 inhabitants3,163 km²
Moravia-Silesia (Moravskoslezský)1,203,299 inhabitants5,427 km²
Olomouc (Olomoucký)632,492 inhabitants5,267 km²
Pardubice (Pardubický)520,316 inhabitants4,519 km²
Plzeň (Plzeňský)584,672 inhabitants7,561 km²
Prague1,308,632 inhabitants496 km²
South Bohemia (Jihočeský)642,133 inhabitants10,057 km²
South Moravia (Jihomoravský)1,187,667 inhabitants7,195 km²
Ústí nad Labem (Ústecký)820,789 inhabitants5,335 km²
Vysočina509,274 inhabitants6,796 km²
Zlín (Zlínský)582,921 inhabitants3,963 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also