Official nameFrench Republic
Name in local languageFrance ; République française (fr)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 21e)68,373,433 inhabitants (2024)
Population growth0.34 % / year
Area551,695 km²
Density123.93 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 6e)2,779.092 billions $USD (2022)
GDP/capita (ranking)40,886 $USD (2022)
GDP growth2.50 % / year (2022)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.85 years (2023)
Birth rate10.90 ‰ (2021)
Fertility rate1.68 children / woman (2023)
Death rate (ranking)9.70 ‰ (2021)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.00 ‰ (2023)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2024)
Official languagesFrench
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 38e)0.903 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)83.95 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary senatorial semi‑presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution of 1789)
Tourists (ranking)79,400,000 people (2022)
France – petite

France is a country in Western Europe sharing borders with Belgium and Luxembourg to the north, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Monaco to the east, Spain and Andorra to the south. Through the Channel Tunnel, it also shares a border with the United Kingdom.
Its population is about 68,4 million people (2024), of which 66 million people live in the metropolitan France, the rest being distributed in overseas departments and regions.
For three decades, the western and southern regions of the country have seen their populations grow much faster than the industrial north and east, in relative decline, with the notable exception of Paris and its concentrated large urban area of approximately 13 million inhabitants (2018).

Paris, Tour Eiffel
Paris, Eiffel Tower. Photo: Wladyslaw
Île Vierge, Bretagne, France.
Île Vierge, Brittany, France. Source: Wildlife Archives
France - évolution de la population totale de 1982 à 2016
France: evolution of the total population from 1982 to 2016. Source: Insee
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Paris13,171,056 inhabitants
Lyon2,308,818 inhabitants
Marseille - Aix-en-Provence1,888,788 inhabitants
Lille (French part)1,521,660 inhabitants
Toulouse1,490,640 inhabitants
Bordeaux1,393,764 inhabitants
Nantes1,031,953 inhabitants
Strasbourg (French part)864,993 inhabitants
Montpellier823,120 inhabitants
Rennes771,320 inhabitants
Grenoble722,904 inhabitants
Rouen709,065 inhabitants
Nice626,218 inhabitants
Toulon581,948 inhabitants
Tours522,597 inhabitants
Nancy508,793 inhabitants
Clermont-Ferrand508,699 inhabitants
Saint-Étienne500,562 inhabitants
Caen480,087 inhabitants
Orléans456,452 inhabitants
Angers441,234 inhabitants
Annemasse (French part of Geneva)433,194 inhabitants
Perpignan422,786 inhabitants
Dijon414,633 inhabitants
Mulhouse408,968 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Regions and overseas territoriesPopulationArea
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes8,092,598 inhabitants69,711 km²
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté2,786,205 inhabitants47,784 km²
Brittany3,371,297 inhabitants27,208 km²
Centre-Val-de-Loire2,562,431 inhabitants39,151 km²
Corsica349,273 inhabitants8,680 km²
French Guiana294,071 inhabitants83,846 km²
French Polynesia275,918 inhabitants3,792 km²
Grand Est5,524,817 inhabitants57,433 km²
Guadeloupe375,857 inhabitants1,628 km²
Hauts-de-France5,977,462 inhabitants31,813 km²
Île-de-France12,326,429 inhabitants12,011 km²
Martinique355,094 inhabitants1,128 km²
Mayotte288,926 inhabitants375 km²
New Caledonia271,940 inhabitants18,576 km²
Normandy3,306,092 inhabitants29,906 km²
Nouvelle-Aquitaine6,039,767 inhabitants84,061 km²
Occitanie5,985,751 inhabitants72,724 km²
Pays de la Loire3,838,060 inhabitants32,082 km²
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur5,089,661 inhabitants31,400 km²
Réunion858,450 inhabitants2,512 km²
Saint Barthélemy9,793 inhabitants21 km²
Saint Martin35,746 inhabitants53 km²
Saint Pierre and Miquelon6,008 inhabitants242 km²
Wallis and Futuna14,231 inhabitants142 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also