Official nameMartinique
Name in local languageMartinique (fr)
Population (ranking: 185e)355,094 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth-1.03 % / year
Area1,128 km²
Density314.80 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 154e)9.363 billions $USD (2015)
GDP/capita (ranking)24,623 $USD (2015)
GDP growth0.40 % / year (2015)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.00 years (2014)
Birth rate10.80 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate1.90 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)8.70 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.60 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesFrench (Creole spoken)
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: n.c.)0.000 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentOverseas region and department of France
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution of 1789)
DemonymMartiniquan, French
Tourists (ranking)900,000 people (2016)
Martinique – petite
Demographics down, old age rising

Martinique is both a mono-departmental region of the French overseas territories and an ultraperipheral European region, located in the Caribbean, in the Americas. It is located in the south of Dominica and north of Saint Lucia.

Plage en Martinique
Beach in Martinique
Fort-de-France - Martinique
Fort-de-France – Martinique. Photo: Fred Geiger
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Fort-de-France346,693 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also