Martinique

Official nameMartinique
Name in local languageMartinique (fr)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentCaribbean
Population (ranking: 185e)364,354 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth-1.18 % / year
Area1,128 km²
Density323.01 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 152e)9.363 billions $USD (2015)
GDP/capita (ranking)24,623 $USD (2015)
GDP growth0.40 % / year (2015)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.00 years (2014)
Birth rate10.80 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate1.90 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)8.70 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.60 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesFrench (Creole spoken)
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDIunknown
EPI (ranking)unknown
GovernmentOverseas region and department of France
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution of 1789)
ISO CodesMQ, MTQ
DemonymMartiniquan, French
Tourists (ranking)900,000 people (2016)
Martinique – petite
Demographics down, old age rising

Martinique is both a mono-departmental region of the French overseas territories and an ultraperipheral European region, located in the Caribbean, in the Americas. It is located in the south of Dominica and north of Saint Lucia.

Plage en Martinique
Beach in Martinique
Fort-de-France - Martinique
Fort-de-France – Martinique. Photo: Fred Geiger
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Fort-de-France364,354 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also