|Official name||Principality of Monaco|
|Name in local language||Principauté de Monaco (fr)|
|Subcontinent||Europe (outside the European Union)|
|Population (ranking: 228e)||38,100 inhabitants (2020)|
|Population growth||2.00 % / year|
|Density||18,861.39 inhabitants / km²|
|GDP (ranking: 166e)||6.401 billions $USD (2017)|
|GDP/capita (ranking)||166,726 $USD (2017)|
|GDP growth||-3.50 % / year (2017)|
|Life expectancy (ranking)||85.00 years (2015)|
|Birth rate||13.10 ‰ (2015)|
|Fertility rate||2.60 children / woman (2015)|
|Death rate (ranking)||10.40 ‰ (2015)|
|Infant mortality rate (ranking)||1.81 ‰ (2014)|
|Literacy rate||100.00 % (2019)|
|Currency||Euro (€ EUR)|
|HDI (ranking: 6e)||0.956 / 1 (2008)|
|EPI (ranking)||0.00 (2018)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Head of State||Prince Albert II|
|National Day||19 November (prince's Rainier III day)|
|ISO Codes||MC, MCO|
|Tourists (ranking)||355,000 people (2017)|
A cramped country that wants to grow
Monaco is a country in Western Europe, as well as a municipality of the same name occupying the same area as the State itself. It is located at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea, along the Côte d’Azur, landlocked in France, about twenty kilometers east of Nice.
The small principality is particularly cramped in its 2.02 km2 for its 38,300 inhabitants (2018). And this number continues to grow each year faster and faster.
Space is lacking on the land, but not on the sea, and the country could soon gain on the water, by dint of gigantic works, which would represent more than its current surface!
The economy is mainly based on services, especially financial, the country being a tax haven for many very rich people. Real estate is also a driver of local economic development. However, some industrial activities and research and development are located on “the Rock”: pharmacy, chemistry, cosmetics in particular.
Finally tourism, luxury or for business people, is an important resource.
Urban areas (2018)
|Monaco - Menton||112,975 inhabitants|
See all urban areas
|Fontvieille||4,420 inhabitants||0 km²|
|Jardin Exotique||5,117 inhabitants||0 km²|
|La Condamine||5,141 inhabitants||0 km²|
|La Rousse||7,087 inhabitants||0 km²|
|Larvotto||2,026 inhabitants||0 km²|
|Les Moneghetti||4,195 inhabitants||0 km²|
|Monaco-Ville||1,064 inhabitants||0 km²|
|Monte-Carlo||8,259 inhabitants||0 km²|