New Caledonia

Official nameNew Caledonia
Name in local languageNouvelle-Calédonie (fr)
Population (ranking: 191e)271,940 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth0.20 % / year
Area18,576 km²
Density14.64 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 155e)9.396 billions $USD (2016)
GDP/capita (ranking)33,722 $USD (2016)
GDP growth1.83 % / year (2016)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.90 years (2016)
Birth rate15.40 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate2.08 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)5.70 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.00 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesFrench
CurrencyCFP franc (XPF)
HDI (ranking: n.c.)0.000 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentRepublik, Dependent territory of France
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution)
DemonymNew Caledonian, French
Tourists (ranking)121,000 people (2017)
Nouvelle-Calédonie – petite

New Caledonia is an archipelago of Oceania located in the Pacific Ocean, 1,500 km east of Australia and 2,000 km north of New Zealand, north of the Tropic of Capricorn. A distant 17,000-kilometer metropolitan France, this community (former overseas territory) located in Melanesia has been under French sovereignty since 1853. Its maritime territory covers a gigantic area of 1,386,588 km2 and therefore represents a strategic space for France. Its population is estimated at approximately 271,940 inhabitants as of 1 January 2020.

Coeur de Voh
Heart of Voh. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
Centre culturel Tjibaou, Nouméa
Cultural Centre Tjibaou, Nouméa
Monts Koghis - Pic Malaoui : vue sur Nouméa
Mounts Koghis – Peak Malaoui: view on Nouméa. Photo: Mickaël T.
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Nouméa185,656 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Loyalty Islands18,353 inhabitants1,981 km²
North49,910 inhabitants9,583 km²
South203,144 inhabitants7,012 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also