Official nameCommonwealth of Australia
Name in local languageCommonwealth of Australia (en)
Population (ranking: 54e)25,765,131 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth0.90 % / year
Area7,688,126 km²
Density3.35 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 14e)1,396.567 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)55,060 $USD (2019)
GDP growth2.20 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)83.30 years (2018)
Birth rate12.80 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.79 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)6.50 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.10 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyAustralian dollar ($ AUD)
HDI (ranking: 13e)0.944 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)74.12 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary representative democracy under constitutional monarchy
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II ; Governor-General David Hurley
National Day26 January (arrival of the first English in Sydney in 1788)
Tourists (ranking)9,246,000 people (2018)
Australie – petite
A Continent Island

Australia is a huge country in the southern hemisphere whose area covers most of Oceania. In addition to the island of the same name, Australia also includes Tasmania as well as other islands of the Southern Pacific and Indian Oceans. Neighboring nations include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French territory of New Caledonia to the northeast, New Zealand to the southeast, and the French territory of the Kerguelen Islands (TAAF) west of the Australian islands Heard and McDonald.

Ayers Rock, Australie.
Ayers Rock/Uluru, Australia. Source: Most Beautiful Spots
Sydney : Opéra et Harbour Bridge
Sydney: Opera House and Harbour Bridge
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2020)
Urban areasPopulation
Sydney5,367,206 inhabitants
Melbourne5,159,211 inhabitants
Brisbane2,560,720 inhabitants
Perth2,125,114 inhabitants
Adelaide1,376,601 inhabitants
Gold Coast - Tweed Heads699,552 inhabitants
Newcastle597,840 inhabitants
Canberra495,151 inhabitants
Sunshine Coast384,281 inhabitants
Central Coast344,016 inhabitants
Wollongong314,618 inhabitants
Geelong296,743 inhabitants
Hobart238,834 inhabitants
Townsville195,084 inhabitants
Cairns168,051 inhabitants
Toowoomba150,381 inhabitants
Darwin147,231 inhabitants
Bendigo113,462 inhabitants
Ballarat111,732 inhabitants
Fraser Coast106,712 inhabitants
Albury - Wodonga96,436 inhabitants
Bundaberg90,687 inhabitants
Mackay88,304 inhabitants
Bunbury77,783 inhabitants
Alice Springs26,448 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
States and TerritoriesPopulationArea
Australian Capital Territory431,380 inhabitants2,358 km²
New South Wales8,167,532 inhabitants800,811 km²
Northern Territory246,500 inhabitants1,348,094 km²
Queensland5,184,847 inhabitants1,730,172 km²
South Australia1,770,591 inhabitants984,275 km²
Tasmania541,071 inhabitants68,018 km²
Victoria6,696,670 inhabitants227,496 km²
Western Australia2,667,130 inhabitants2,526,646 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also