Official nameRepublic of Vanuatu
Name in local languageRipablik blong Vanuatu (bi) ; République de Vanuatu (fr) ; Republic of Vanuatu (en)
Population (ranking: 189e)285,359 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.34 % / year
Area12,281 km²
Density23.24 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 223e)0.888 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)3,033 $USD (2018)
GDP growth3.20 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)70.30 years (2018)
Birth rate32.50 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate4.20 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)6.00 ‰ (2013)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)28.00 ‰ (2013)
Literacy rate85.23 % (2015)
Official languagesBislama, French, English
CurrencyVatu (VUV)
HDI (ranking: 179e)0.597 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)44.55 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Tallis Obed Moses
National Day30 July (independence of 1980)
Tourists (ranking)109,108 people (2017)
Vanuatu – petite

Vanuatu is a state in the Coral Sea that is part of Melanesia. The archipelago is composed of 83 islands, mostly of volcanic origin, 539 kilometers north-east of New Caledonia, territory belonging to France, southern Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, and west of Fiji.

Beach in Vanuatu
Beach in Vanuatu
Port Vila, capital of Vanuatu
Port Vila, capital of Vanuatu. Photo: Phillip Capper
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Port Vila74,725 inhabitants
Luganville15,865 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Malampa40,928 inhabitants2,808 km²
Penama32,534 inhabitants1,204 km²
Sanma54,184 inhabitants4,262 km²
Shefa97,602 inhabitants1,507 km²
Tafea37,050 inhabitants1,632 km²
Torba10,161 inhabitants867 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also