New Zealand

Official nameNew Zealand
Name in local languageNew Zealand (en) ; Aotearoa (mi)
ContinentOceania
SubcontinentOceania
Population (ranking: 127e)4,913,171 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.91 % / year
Area268,107 km²
Density18.33 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 52e)205.853 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)42,941 $USD (2017)
GDP growth3.03 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.35 years (2013)
Birth rate12.43 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.99 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)6.95 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.10 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesEnglish, Māori, NZ Sign Language
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar ($ NZD)
HDI (ranking: 25e)0.917 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)75.96 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateQueen Élisabeth II, Gouvernor-General Patsy Reddy
National Day6 February (Waitangi Day)
ISO CodesNZ, NZL
DemonymNew Zealander
Tourists (ranking)3,733,707 people (2017)
New Zealand – Small
A relative isolation

New Zealand is an Oceanian country located to the southwest of the Pacific Ocean, consisting of an archipelago of two main islands (the North Island and the South Island), and many other islands more small, including Stewart Island and Chatham Islands. The country is geographically rather isolated from the rest of the world, about 1600 km from Australia. This isolation has allowed the development of a rich and varied endemic flora and fauna.

Auckland, Nouvelle-Zélande
Auckland, New Zealand. Photo: Christian Mehlführer
Volcano of White Island. Source: Wildlife Archives
Golf de Cape Kidnapper, Nouvelle-Zélande
Golf of Cape Kidnapper, New Zealand
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Auckland1,657,200 inhabitants
Wellington412,500 inhabitants
Christchurch396,700 inhabitants
Hamilton235,900 inhabitants
Tauranga137,900 inhabitants
Napier-Hastings133,000 inhabitants
Dunedin120,200 inhabitants
Palmerston North85,300 inhabitants
Nelson66,700 inhabitants
Rotorua58,800 inhabitants
Whangarei57,700 inhabitants
New Plymouth57,500 inhabitants
Invercargill50,900 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Auckland1,657,200 inhabitants4,894 km²
Bay of Plenty299,900 inhabitants12,231 km²
Canterbury612,000 inhabitants44,638 km²
Gisborne48,500 inhabitants8,355 km²
Hawke's Bay164,000 inhabitants14,111 km²
Manawatu-Wanganui240,300 inhabitants22,206 km²
Marlborough46,200 inhabitants12,484 km²
Nelson51,400 inhabitants445 km²
North Island (Physical geography)3,677,400 inhabitants113,729 km²
Northland175,400 inhabitants13,789 km²
Otago224,200 inhabitants31,241 km²
South Island (Physical geography)1,115,800 inhabitants150,437 km²
Southland98,400 inhabitants32,079 km²
Taranaki118,000 inhabitants7,258 km²
Tasman51,200 inhabitants9,771 km²
Waikato460,100 inhabitants24,025 km²
Wellington513,900 inhabitants8,140 km²
West Coast32,500 inhabitants23,276 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also