Wallis and Futuna

Official nameTerritory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
Name in local languageWallis and Futuna
Population (ranking: 238e)11,558 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth-1.11 % / year
Area142 km²
Density81.39 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 246e)0.188 billions $USD (2005)
GDP/capita (ranking)12,640 $USD (2005)
GDP growth0.00 % / year (2005)
Life expectancy (ranking)75.80 years (2013)
Birth rate14.20 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate2.10 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)5.70 ‰ (2013)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)4.55 ‰ (2013)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2019)
Official languagesFrench (wallisian and futunan spoken)
CurrencyCFP franc (XPF)
HDI (ranking: 111e)0.763 / 1 (2005)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2016)
GovernmentOverseas collectivity of France
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution)
DemonymWallisian, Futunan, French
Wallis-et-Futuna – petite
A very isolated french territory

Wallis and Futuna is a very isolated territory of France, made up of three Polynesian customary kingdoms (Uvea on Wallis, Sigave and Alo sharing Futuna, Alo being in addition on the island of Alofi). Located in the heart of the Pacific, transport is particularly difficult because of the remoteness. It is the most remote place in metropolitan France, 16,000 kilometers away. The small size of its population, which has declined significantly since the beginning of the century, makes it an unattractive zone for economic activities. The territory lost 29% of its population between 2003 and 2018.
Many young people will study in metropolitan France, Polynesia or New Caledonia, and stay behind to find work.

Lac Lalolalo, Wallis
Lake Lalolalo, Wallis. Photo: Eric Steve
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Mata Utu (Matāʻutu)8,333 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Futuna3,225 inhabitants64 km²
Wallis8,333 inhabitants78 km²
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See also