Montserrat

Official nameMontserrat
Name in local languageMontserrat (en)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentCaribbean
Population (ranking: 243e)5,343 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth0.48 % / year
Area103 km²
Density51.87 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 232e)0.063 billions $USD (2014)
GDP/capita (ranking)12,678 $USD (2014)
GDP growth3.50 % / year (2014)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.40 years (2016)
Birth rate11.00 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.30 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)6.30 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rateunknown
Literacy rate99.70 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar ($ XCD)
HDI (ranking: 70e)0.821 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)unknown
GovernmentBritish Overseas Territory
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II ; Governor Andrew Pearce
National DaySecond Saturday of June (birthday of Queen Elizabeth II, 1926)
ISO CodesMS, MSR
DemonymMontserratian
Tourists (ranking)8,000 people (2017)
Montserrat – petite

Montserrat is a small island in the Caribbean, a United Kingdom dependency, and a member of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). It is located north of the French island of Guadeloupe, west of Antigua, and south of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Montserrat
Montserrat. Photo: Ryan Schuessler

Its capital and the entire southern area of the island were abandoned after being destroyed in 1997 by volcanic eruptions. About 8,000 of the island’s 12,000 inhabitants fled to Antigua and the United Kingdom. Since then, some have returned on the spot, in the northern part of the island, the only habitable zone, where about 1220 people were able to stay after the forced evacuation to the south.

Plymouth détruite après l'éruption, Montserrat
Plymouth destroyed ofter the eruption, Montserrat. Photo: R.P. Hoblitt, USGS

A new capital is under construction, very slowly: Little Bay. Meanwhile, Brades serves as de facto capital.

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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Brades5,343 inhabitants
Plymouth (abandoned)0 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
ParishesPopulationArea
Saint Anthony0 inhabitants0 km²
Saint George0 inhabitants0 km²
Saint Peter5,343 inhabitants35 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also