Saint Kitts and Nevis

Official nameFederation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Name in local languageSaint Kitts and Nevis (en)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentCaribbean
Population (ranking: 219e)56,345 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth0.89 % / year
Area272 km²
Density207.15 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 215e)1.040 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)19,829 $USD (2018)
GDP growth3.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)75.70 years (2016)
Birth rate13.30 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.78 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.10 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)8.60 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate98.70 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish (Creole widely spoken)
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar ($ XCD)
HDI (ranking: 101e)0.778 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)unknown
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II ; Governor-General Sir S.W. Tapley Seaton
National Day19 September (independence of 1983)
ISO CodesKN, KNA
DemonymKittitian, Nevisian
Tourists (ranking)114,000 people (2017)
Saint Kitts and Nevis – small
Tax and tourism paradise

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state located in the Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean region, consisting of the islands of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts) and Nevis, associated in the form of federation. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius and Saba, French islands of Saint Barthélemy and Saint-Martin, Dutch island of Sint Maarten, and Anguilla. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat.

Saint-Christophe-et-Niévès
Saint Kitts and Nevis

As often in the Caribbean, small islands and small states like Saint Kitts and Nevis are tax and tourist havens. Thus, the former French-English colony, from which originated the Creole spoken Caribbean, does not escape the rule. And as in many cases, suspicious or even mafia-laden money-laundering and drug-trafficking activities threaten the country’s credibility internationally.
For its part, tourism represents an increasingly important part of the activity, sugar cane being in sharp decline.

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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Basseterre21,913 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
ParishesPopulationArea
Christ Church Nichola Town2,059 inhabitants18 km²
Saint-Anne Sandy Point3,140 inhabitants13 km²
Saint-George Basseterre13,220 inhabitants29 km²
Saint-George Gingerland2,568 inhabitants18 km²
Saint-James Windward1,836 inhabitants32 km²
Saint-John Capisterre3,181 inhabitants25 km²
Saint-John Figtree2,922 inhabitants22 km²
Saint-Mary Cayon3,374 inhabitants15 km²
Saint-Paul Capisterre2,460 inhabitants14 km²
Saint-Paul Charlestown1,820 inhabitants4 km²
Saint-Peter Basseterre3,472 inhabitants21 km²
Saint-Thomas Lowland2,035 inhabitants18 km²
Saint-Thomas Middle Island2,332 inhabitants25 km²
Trinity Palmetto Point1,692 inhabitants16 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also