Channel Islands – Jersey and Guernsey

Official nameChannel Islands - Jersey and Guernsey
Name in local languageBailliage de Jersey (fr) - Bailiwick of Jersey (en) ; Bailliage de Guernesey (fr) - Bailiwick of Guernsey (en)
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 201e)167,563 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.86 % / year
Area194 km²
Density863.73 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 152e)9.310 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)56,084 $USD (2017)
GDP growth1.05 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.60 years (2017)
Birth rate9.11 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.48 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)7.67 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.04 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesEnglish, French
CurrencyPound sterling (£ GBP) ; Jersey pound (£ JEP) ; Guernsey pound (£ GGP)
HDI (ranking: 1er)0.985 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentBailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, Crown dependency
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II (Duke of Normandy)
National Day9 May (liberation of the German occupation)
ISO Codes,
DemonymChannel Islander
Tourists (ranking)617,400 people (2017)
Îles Anglo-Normandes – Jersey et Guernesey

The Channel Islands are a group of islands located in the English Channel to the west of the Cotentin Peninsula in France. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and some smaller islands.
They depend directly on the British Crown, but are not, however, part of the United Kingdom: they are under the sovereignty of the Duke of Normandy, a title held by the English monarchy since the conquest of England by William the Conqueror after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Their great autonomy guaranteed by this status means that, unlike in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands are not part of the European Union, but are associated with it.

Beauport, Saint-Brelade, Jersey
Beauport, Saint Brelade, Jersey. Photo: David James Ovens
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Saint Helier105,500 inhabitants
Saint Peter Port59,560 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Guernsey62,063 inhabitants78 km²
Jersey105,500 inhabitants116 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also