Official nameGibraltar
Name in local languageGibraltar (en)
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 229e)36,974 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.55 % / year
Area7 km²
Density5,437.35 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 190e)2.827 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)84,198 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)79.40 years (2016)
Birth rate14.70 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.91 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.50 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)6.00 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2019)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyGibraltar pound (£ GIP)
HDI (ranking: 3e)0.961 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentBritish Overseas Territory
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II ; Governor Ed Davis
National Day10 September (1967 referendum of sovereignty)
Tourists (ranking)99,722 people (2016)
Gibraltar – petite

Gibraltar is a small overseas territory of the United Kingdom (6.8 km2) located south of the Iberian Peninsula, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which connects the Mediterranean to the Atlantic Ocean. It corresponds to the Rock of Gibraltar and its immediate surroundings and is separated from Spain by a 1.2 kilometer border. He is facing Morocco, located in Africa, on the other side of the strait.

Rocher de Gibraltar
Rock of Gibraltar

This region is strategic, especially militarily, as it is a checkpoint for the passage of ships between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and between Europe and Africa.
Military activities and related shipyards have long been the mainstay of the economic activity of the small territory. Now, services, including tourism but especially finance, have taken over. Gibraltar is indeed considered a tax haven.

Gibraltar et sa baie
Gibraltar and its bay
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Gibraltar - Algésiras299,593 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also