Iran

Official nameIslamic Republic of Iran
Name in local languageجمهوری اسلامی ايران - Jomhuriye Eslâmiye Irân (prs)
ContinentAsia
SubcontinentWestern Asia
Population (ranking: 19e)81,920,730 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.24 % / year
Area1,629,771 km²
Density50.27 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 27e)439.514 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)5,415 $USD (2017)
GDP growth4.30 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)73.35 years (2011)
Birth rate17.99 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate1.66 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)5.94 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)38.04 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate87.60 % (2016)
Official languagesPersian
CurrencyRial (IRR)
HDI (ranking: 84e)0.798 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)58.16 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary Khomeinist presidential Islamic republic (de jure) ; Theocratic-republican authoritarian unitary presidential republic subject to a Supreme Leader (de facto)
Head of StatePresident Hassan Rouhani ; Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
National Day1st April (Iranian Islamic Republic Day, establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979)
ISO CodesIR, IRN
DemonymIranian
Tourists (ranking)4,867,000 people (2017)
Iran – petite

Iran is a country in West Asia. It shares borders with Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey.

Iran - Lac Amir Kabir
Iran – Lake Amir Kabir
Téhéran - panorama
Tehran – panorama. Photo: Maryam Ashoori
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Tehran15,980,037 inhabitants
Isfahan3,569,639 inhabitants
Mashhad3,001,184 inhabitants
Shiraz1,565,572 inhabitants
Tabriz1,558,693 inhabitants
Qom1,201,158 inhabitants
Ahvaz1,184,788 inhabitants
Kermanshah946,651 inhabitants
Orumieh662,734 inhabitants
Zāhedān640,031 inhabitants
Resht612,516 inhabitants
Kermān573,449 inhabitants
Hamadān498,672 inhabitants
Arāk471,770 inhabitants
Bandar-e Abbas426,353 inhabitants
Ābādān242,730 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
ProvincesPopulationArea
Alborz2,412,513 inhabitants5,122 km²
Ardabil1,270,420 inhabitants17,800 km²
Bushehr1,163,400 inhabitants22,743 km²
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari947,763 inhabitants16,328 km²
East Azerbaijan3,909,652 inhabitants45,651 km²
Fars4,851,274 inhabitants122,608 km²
Gilan2,530,696 inhabitants14,042 km²
Golestan1,868,819 inhabitants20,367 km²
Hamadan1,738,234 inhabitants19,368 km²
Hormozgân1,776,415 inhabitants70,697 km²
Ilam580,158 inhabitants20,133 km²
Isfahan5,120,850 inhabitants107,018 km²
Kerman3,164,718 inhabitants180,726 km²
Kermanshah1,952,434 inhabitants25,009 km²
Khuzestan4,710,509 inhabitants64,055 km²
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad713,052 inhabitants15,504 km²
Kurdistan1,603,011 inhabitants29,137 km²
Lorestan1,760,649 inhabitants28,294 km²
Markazi1,429,475 inhabitants29,127 km²
Mazandaran3,283,582 inhabitants23,842 km²
North Khorasan863,092 inhabitants28,434 km²
Qazvin1,273,761 inhabitants15,567 km²
Qom1,151,672 inhabitants11,526 km²
Razavi Khorasan6,434,501 inhabitants118,851 km²
Semnan702,360 inhabitants97,491 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also