Official nameArgentine Republic
Name in local languageRepública Argentina (es)
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 31e)47,067,641 inhabitants (2024)
Population growth0.89 % / year
Area2,780,400 km²
Density16.93 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 21e)632.770 billions $USD (2022)
GDP/capita (ranking)13,686 $USD (2022)
GDP growth52.00 % / year (2022)
Life expectancy (ranking)78.07 years (2020)
Birth rate16.33 ‰ (2020)
Fertility rate2.18 children / woman (2020)
Death rate (ranking)6.96 ‰ (2020)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)8.39 ‰ (2020)
Literacy rate99.50 % (2023)
Official languagesSpanish
CurrencyPeso ($ ARS)
HDI (ranking: 64e)0.842 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)59.30 (2018)
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Javier Milei
National Day25 May (revolution of 1810)
DemonymArgentine, Argentinian
Tourists (ranking)3,645,200 people (2022)
Argentine – petite

Argentina is a country in South America bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and sharing borders with Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.

El Calafate, Parc national Los Glaciares, Patagonie, Argentine
El Calafate, Los Glaciares National Park, Patagonia, Argentina. Photo: Gable Denims, Wildlife Archives
Place du Congrès, Buenos Aires, Argentine
Congress Square, Buenos Aires, capital city of Argentina. Photo: Napoletano
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Urban areas (2022)
Urban areasPopulation
Buenos Aires13,985,794 inhabitants
Córdoba2,420,052 inhabitants
Rosario1,750,459 inhabitants
San Miguel de Tucumán1,059,327 inhabitants
Mendoza1,055,679 inhabitants
Santa Fe - Paraná961,130 inhabitants
Resistencia - Corrientes773,371 inhabitants
Mar del Plata682,605 inhabitants
Salta640,520 inhabitants
San Juan511,389 inhabitants
San Salvador de Jujuy465,249 inhabitants
Neuquén382,555 inhabitants
Santiago del Estero381,602 inhabitants
Posadas359,609 inhabitants
Bahía Blanca335,190 inhabitants
Concordia - Salto266,053 inhabitants
San Luis260,295 inhabitants
San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca239,139 inhabitants
Río Cuarto202,840 inhabitants
Comodoro Rivadavia186,138 inhabitants
Ushuaïa68,686 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Buenos Aires (Federal city)3,121,707 inhabitants203 km²
Buenos Aires17,523,996 inhabitants307,571 km²
Catamarca429,562 inhabitants102,602 km²
Chaco1,129,606 inhabitants99,633 km²
Chubut592,621 inhabitants224,686 km²
Córdoba3,840,905 inhabitants165,321 km²
Corrientes1,212,696 inhabitants88,199 km²
Entre Ríos1,425,578 inhabitants78,781 km²
Formosa607,419 inhabitants72,066 km²
Jujuy811,611 inhabitants53,219 km²
La Pampa361,859 inhabitants143,440 km²
La Rioja383,865 inhabitants89,680 km²
Mendoza2,043,540 inhabitants148,827 km²
Misiones1,278,873 inhabitants29,801 km²
Neuquén710,814 inhabitants94,078 km²
Río Negro750,768 inhabitants203,013 km²
Salta1,441,351 inhabitants155,488 km²
San Juan822,853 inhabitants89,651 km²
San Luis542,069 inhabitants76,748 km²
Santa Cruz337,226 inhabitants243,943 km²
Santa Fe3,544,908 inhabitants133,007 km²
Santiago del Estero1,060,906 inhabitants136,351 km²
Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands185,732 inhabitants21,263 km²
Tucumán1,731,820 inhabitants22,524 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also