Chile

Official nameRepublic of Chile
Name in local languageRepública de Chile (es)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 64e)19,107,216 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.90 % / year
Area756,950 km²
Density25.24 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 42e)298.231 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)15,923 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)80.40 years (2018)
Birth rate12.30 ‰ (2018)
Fertility rate1.60 children / woman (2018)
Death rate (ranking)6.00 ‰ (2018)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.20 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate97.51 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish
CurrencyPeso (CLP)
HDI (ranking: 63e)0.843 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)57.49 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Sebastián Piñera
National Day18 September (Government Junta of Chile, 1810)
ISO CodesCL, CHL
DemonymChilean
Tourists (ranking)6,450,000 people (2017)
Chili – petite

Chile is a country in South America whose territory forms a narrow band from the Atacama Desert in the north to Cape Horn in the far south. It shares borders with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast and Argentina to the east.

San Pedro de Atacama, Chili
San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
Santiago - panorama
Santiago – panorama. Photo: Wikipedia
Santiago, capitale du Chili
Santiago, capital of Chile. Photo: Rawderson Rangel

See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Santiago7,482,635 inhabitants
Valparaiso1,132,086 inhabitants
Concepción1,127,682 inhabitants
Coquimbo457,820 inhabitants
Antofagasta384,065 inhabitants
Temuco379,397 inhabitants
Iquique318,042 inhabitants
Puerto Montt289,412 inhabitants
Arica239,710 inhabitants
Talca234,760 inhabitants
Rancagua234,048 inhabitants
Los Ángeles196,454 inhabitants
Copiapó193,054 inhabitants
Chillán180,348 inhabitants
Calama179,200 inhabitants
Valdivia169,735 inhabitants
Osorno157,855 inhabitants
Curicó145,344 inhabitants
Punta Arenas128,810 inhabitants
Ovalle121,868 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo - XI110,288 inhabitants107,153 km²
Antofagasta - II640,950 inhabitants126,049 km²
Araucanie - IX1,001,975 inhabitants32,472 km²
Arica et Parinacota - XV247,129 inhabitants16,873 km²
Atacama - III320,799 inhabitants75,176 km²
Biobío - VIII2,141,039 inhabitants36,007 km²
Coquimbo - IV794,359 inhabitants39,647 km²
Les Fleuves - XIV410,097 inhabitants18,429 km²
Les Lacs - X853,663 inhabitants69,039 km²
Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins - VI934,671 inhabitants15,950 km²
Magallanes et Antarctique chilien - XII166,395 inhabitants126,456 km²
Maule - VII1,057,533 inhabitants30,518 km²
Région métropolitaine de Santiago - RM7,482,635 inhabitants15,782 km²
Tarapacá - I352,712 inhabitants58,073 km²
Valparaiso - V1,859,672 inhabitants16,396 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also