Chile

Official nameRepublic of Chile
Name in local languageRepública de Chile (es)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 63e)19,828,563 inhabitants (2022)
Population growth0.76 % / year
Area756,950 km²
Density26.20 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 44e)252.940 billions $USD (2020)
GDP/capita (ranking)13,232 $USD (2020)
GDP growth-5.80 % / year (2020)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.20 years (2022)
Birth rate12.00 ‰ (2022)
Fertility rate1.40 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)5.70 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.20 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate97.51 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish
CurrencyPeso (CLP)
HDI (ranking: 57e)0.851 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)57.49 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Gabriel Boric
National Day18 September (Government Junta of Chile, 1810)
ISO CodesCL, CHL
DemonymChilean
Tourists (ranking)5,723,000 people (2018)
Chile – small

Chile is a country in South America whose territory forms a narrow band from the Atacama Desert in the north to Cape Horn in the far south. It shares borders with Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast and Argentina to the east.

San Pedro de Atacama, Chili
San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
Santiago - panorama
Santiago – panorama. Photo: Wikipedia
Santiago, capitale du Chili
Santiago, capital of Chile. Photo: Rawderson Rangel

See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Santiago8,310,984 inhabitants
Valparaiso1,132,086 inhabitants
Concepción1,127,682 inhabitants
Coquimbo457,820 inhabitants
Antofagasta384,065 inhabitants
Temuco379,397 inhabitants
Iquique318,042 inhabitants
Puerto Montt289,412 inhabitants
Arica239,710 inhabitants
Talca234,760 inhabitants
Rancagua234,048 inhabitants
Los Ángeles196,454 inhabitants
Copiapó193,054 inhabitants
Chillán180,348 inhabitants
Calama179,200 inhabitants
Valdivia169,735 inhabitants
Osorno157,855 inhabitants
Curicó145,344 inhabitants
Punta Arenas128,810 inhabitants
Ovalle121,868 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Antofagasta - II709,637 inhabitants126,049 km²
Araucanía - IX1,024,029 inhabitants32,472 km²
Arica and Parinacota - XV257,722 inhabitants16,873 km²
Atacama - III318,004 inhabitants75,176 km²
Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo - XI108,047 inhabitants107,153 km²
Biobío - VIII1,676,269 inhabitants23,890 km²
Coquimbo - IV858,769 inhabitants39,647 km²
Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins - VI1,009,552 inhabitants15,950 km²
Los Lagos - X902,510 inhabitants69,039 km²
Los Ríos - XIV409,559 inhabitants18,429 km²
Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica - XII175,984 inhabitants126,456 km²
Maule - VII1,153,043 inhabitants30,296 km²
Ñuble - XVI517,060 inhabitants13,178 km²
Santiago Metropolitan Region - RM (XIII)8,310,984 inhabitants15,782 km²
Tarapacá - I396,697 inhabitants58,073 km²
Valparaíso - V1,995,538 inhabitants16,396 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also