Official nameRepublic of Peru
Name in local languageRepública del Perú (es) ; Piruw Republika (qu) ; Piruw Suyu (ay)
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 43e)33,899,804 inhabitants (2023)
Population growth1.30 % / year
Area1,285,216 km²
Density26.38 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 52e)223.250 billions $USD (2021)
GDP/capita (ranking)6,692 $USD (2021)
GDP growth13.30 % / year (2021)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.50 years (2018)
Birth rate17.20 ‰ (2021)
Fertility rate2.20 children / woman (2021)
Death rate (ranking)6.00 ‰ (2021)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)12.50 ‰ (2021)
Literacy rate98.88 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish, Quechua, Aymara
CurrencySol (PEN)
HDI (ranking: 112e)0.762 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)61.92 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Dina Boluarte
National Day28 July (independence of 1821)
Tourists (ranking)4,372,000 people (2019)
Peru – small
More and more gaps in wealth

Peru is a country in South America located along the Andean Cordillera, on the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. It is the 3rd largest country of the subcontinent. Its capital is Lima.

Machu Picchu, Pérou
Machu Picchu, Peru. Photo: Pedro Szekely, Wikipedia
Miraflores Skyline (Lima, Pérou)
Miraflores Skyline (Lima, Peru). Photo: Mira4espina78y
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Lima12,104,036 inhabitants
Arequipa1,287,205 inhabitants
Trujillo1,070,709 inhabitants
Chiclayo810,783 inhabitants
Piura517,293 inhabitants
Iquitos471,993 inhabitants
Cusco434,654 inhabitants
Chimbote381,742 inhabitants
Huancayo364,010 inhabitants
Pucallpa326,040 inhabitants
Huánuco304,487 inhabitants
Tacna286,240 inhabitants
Ica282,407 inhabitants
Juliaca276,110 inhabitants
Cajamarca201,329 inhabitants
Sullana201,302 inhabitants
Huacho200,585 inhabitants
Ayacucho180,766 inhabitants
Tarapoto180,073 inhabitants
Paita179,346 inhabitants
Chincha Alta177,219 inhabitants
Puno140,839 inhabitants
Huaraz131,377 inhabitants
Talara124,444 inhabitants
Tumbes111,595 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Amazonas423,898 inhabitants39,249 km²
Áncash1,154,639 inhabitants35,915 km²
Apurímac460,868 inhabitants20,896 km²
Arequipa1,301,298 inhabitants63,345 km²
Ayacucho696,152 inhabitants43,815 km²
Cajamarca1,533,783 inhabitants33,317 km²
Callao1,024,439 inhabitants147 km²
Cusco1,324,371 inhabitants71,986 km²
Huancavelica498,556 inhabitants22,132 km²
Huánuco866,631 inhabitants37,022 km²
Ica794,919 inhabitants21,328 km²
Junín1,360,506 inhabitants44,327 km²
La Libertad1,882,405 inhabitants25,500 km²
Lambayeque1,270,794 inhabitants14,231 km²
Lima9,989,369 inhabitants34,802 km²
Loreto1,049,364 inhabitants368,852 km²
Madre de Dios140,508 inhabitants85,301 km²
Moquegua182,333 inhabitants15,734 km²
Pasco306,322 inhabitants25,028 km²
Piura1,858,617 inhabitants35,893 km²
Puno1,429,098 inhabitants71,999 km²
San Martín851,883 inhabitants51,253 km²
Tacna346,013 inhabitants16,076 km²
Tumbes240,590 inhabitants4,669 km²
Ucayali501,269 inhabitants102,400 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also