Bolivia

Official namePlurinational State of Bolivia
Name in local languageEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia (es) ; Bulibiya Mama llaqta (qu)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 80e)11,633,371 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth1.43 % / year
Area1,098,581 km²
Density10.59 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 98e)40.288 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)3,549 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.22 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)71.20 years (2018)
Birth rate22.34 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate2.80 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)5.98 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)30.39 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate99.40 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish (Quechua and Aymara spoken)
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
HDI (ranking: 149e)0.703 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)55.98 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Luis Arce
National Day6 August (first constituent assembly in 1825)
ISO CodesBO, BOL
DemonymBolivian
Tourists (ranking)959,000 people (2016)
Bolivia – small
Improvement of living conditions despite internal and external political blockages

Bolivia is a landlocked country with no access to the sea located in South America and surrounded by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru.
The vast majority of the population lives in extreme poverty. Farmers are torn between the production of coca to survive and the production of food crops. Drug traffickers really take them hostage. Mine workers live and work under particularly harsh conditions, and there are countless human losses. the big Western mining companies have created a real modern slavery in some mountainous areas, difficult to access.

Incahuasi, Salar d'Uyuni, Bolivie
Incahuasi, Salar of Uyuni, Bolivia. Photo: Diego Delso, Wikipedia
La Paz, capitale de la Bolivie
La Paz, capital of Bolivia. Photo: EEJCC, Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2020)
Urban areasPopulation
Santa Cruz de la Sierra2,249,657 inhabitants
La Paz (seat of government)1,966,110 inhabitants
Cochabamba1,359,232 inhabitants
Oruro302,643 inhabitants
Sucre (constitutional capital)295,476 inhabitants
Tarija268,387 inhabitants
Potosí220,260 inhabitants
Montero135,931 inhabitants
Trinidad130,657 inhabitants
Yacuiba103,723 inhabitants
Riberalta101,755 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
DepartmentsPopulationArea
Beni480,308 inhabitants213,564 km²
Chuquisaca637,013 inhabitants51,524 km²
Cochabamba2,028,639 inhabitants55,631 km²
La Paz2,926,996 inhabitants133,985 km²
Oruro551,116 inhabitants53,588 km²
Pando154,355 inhabitants63,827 km²
Potosí901,555 inhabitants118,218 km²
Santa Cruz3,370,059 inhabitants370,621 km²
Tarija583,330 inhabitants37,623 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also