Bolivia

Official namePlurinational State of Bolivia
Name in local languageEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia (es) ; Bulibiya Mama llaqta (qu)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 82e)11,523,705 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth1.45 % / year
Area1,098,581 km²
Density10.49 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 98e)40.288 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)3,549 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.22 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)72.47 years (2017)
Birth rate22.34 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate2.80 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)5.98 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)30.39 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate99.40 % (2015)
Official languagesSpanish (Quechua and Aymara spoken)
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
HDI (ranking: 156e)0.693 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)55.98 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Jeanine Áñez (interim)
National Day6 August (first constituent assembly in 1825)
ISO CodesBO, BOL
DemonymBolivian
Tourists (ranking)959,000 people (2016)
Bolivie – petite
Improvement of living conditions despite internal and external political blockages

Bolivia is a landlocked country with no access to the sea located in South America and surrounded by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru.
The vast majority of the population lives in extreme poverty. Farmers are torn between the production of coca to survive and the production of food crops. Drug traffickers really take them hostage. Mine workers live and work under particularly harsh conditions, and there are countless human losses. the big Western mining companies have created a real modern slavery in some mountainous areas, difficult to access.

Incahuasi, Salar d'Uyuni, Bolivie
Incahuasi, Salar of Uyuni, Bolivia. Photo: Diego Delso, Wikipedia
La Paz, capitale de la Bolivie
La Paz, capital of Bolivia. Photo: EEJCC, Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Santa Cruz de la Sierra2,439,945 inhabitants
La Paz (seat of government)2,364,235 inhabitants
Cochabamba1,336,210 inhabitants
Tarija409,189 inhabitants
Sucre (constitutional capital)363,531 inhabitants
Potosí294,912 inhabitants
Oruro292,442 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
DepartmentsPopulationArea
Beni462,081 inhabitants213,564 km²
Chuquisaca621,148 inhabitants51,524 km²
Cochabamba1,943,429 inhabitants55,631 km²
La Paz2,862,504 inhabitants133,985 km²
Oruro531,890 inhabitants53,588 km²
Pando139,018 inhabitants63,827 km²
Potosí880,651 inhabitants118,218 km²
Santa Cruz3,151,676 inhabitants370,621 km²
Tarija553,373 inhabitants37,623 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also