Official namePeople's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Name in local languageالجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (ar) ; République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire (fr)
SubcontinentNorth Africa
Population (ranking: 34e)43,820,839 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth1.90 % / year
Area2,381,741 km²
Density18.40 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 56e)180.689 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,279 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.10 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)77.80 years (2019)
Birth rate23.80 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate3.00 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)4.55 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)21.00 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate78.00 % (2018)
Official languagesArabic, Berber (French fluently spoken)
CurrencyDinar (DZD)
HDI (ranking: 115e)0.759 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)57.18 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential people's republic
Head of StatePresident Abdelmadjid Tebboune
National Day1st November (revolution of 1954)
Tourists (ranking)2,451,000 people (2017)
Algérie – petite

Algeria is a country in North Africa that is part of the Maghreb. It is bordered to the east by Tunisia and Libya, to the south by Niger and Mali, to the west by Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco. It is bathed in the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Alger, capitale de l'Algérie
Alger, capital city of Algeria. Photo: Wikipedia
Algerie - Sahara - tadrart rouge
The Red Tadrart in Djanet, south of Algeria. Source: Cap Djinet, Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2015)
Urban areasPopulation
Algiers (Alger)7,796,923 inhabitants
Oran1,343,899 inhabitants
Constantine836,977 inhabitants
Sétif788,422 inhabitants
Blida771,706 inhabitants
Djelfa760,920 inhabitants
Batna684,999 inhabitants
Annaba395,037 inhabitants
Sidi Bel Abbès231,119 inhabitants
Biskra211,890 inhabitants
Béjaïa203,264 inhabitants
Tébessa197,636 inhabitants
Tiaret194,392 inhabitants
El Oued186,525 inhabitants
Skikda182,903 inhabitants
Chlef171,815 inhabitants
Bordj Bou Arreridj158,812 inhabitants
Tamanrasset103,533 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Provinces (Wilayas)PopulationArea
Adrar439,693 inhabitants427,368 km²
Aïn Defla771,890 inhabitants4,897 km²
Aïn Témouchent384,565 inhabitants2,377 km²
Alger2,988,145 inhabitants1,190 km²
Annaba640,050 inhabitants1,439 km²
Batna1,128,030 inhabitants12,192 km²
Béchar274,866 inhabitants162,200 km²
Béjaïa915,835 inhabitants3,268 km²
Biskra730,262 inhabitants20,986 km²
Blida1,009,892 inhabitants1,696 km²
Bordj Bou Arreridj716,423 inhabitants3,920 km²
Bouira695,583 inhabitants4,439 km²
Boumerdès802,083 inhabitants1,456 km²
Chlef1,013,718 inhabitants4,791 km²
Constantine943,112 inhabitants2,197 km²
Djelfa1,223,223 inhabitants32,256 km²
El Bayadh262,187 inhabitants71,697 km²
El Oued673,934 inhabitants54,573 km²
El Tarf411,783 inhabitants3,339 km²
Ghardaïa375,988 inhabitants86,105 km²
Guelma482,430 inhabitants4,101 km²
Illizi54,490 inhabitants284,618 km²
Jijel636,948 inhabitants2,399 km²
Khenchela386,683 inhabitants9,715 km²
Laghouat477,328 inhabitants25,057 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also