Official nameRepublic of Mali
Name in local languageRépublique du Mali (fr)
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 62e)20,933,072 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth3.36 % / year
Area1,246,814 km²
Density16.79 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 127e)17.280 billions $USD (2019)
GDP/capita (ranking)879 $USD (2019)
GDP growth4.80 % / year (2019)
Life expectancy (ranking)58.90 years (2018)
Birth rate38.70 ‰ (2013)
Fertility rate6.10 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)13.80 ‰ (2012)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)74.50 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate31.00 % (2016)
Official languagesFrench
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
HDI (ranking: 222e)0.434 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)43.71 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic currently under a military junta
Head of StateInterim president Assimi Goïta
National Day22 September (independence of 1960)
Tourists (ranking)203,000 people (2018)
Mali – petite
Poverty hampers development

Mali is a West African country without access to the sea, sharing borders with Mauritania and Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast to the south, Guinea to the southwest and Senegal to the west.
The extreme poverty of a large part of the population clearly hampers the development of the country.

Village sur la rive du fleuve Niger, région de Mopti, Mali
Village on the side of the River Niger, region of Mopti, Mali. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
Région de Gao, Mali
Region of Gao, Mali
Pays Dogon, près de Mopti, Mali
Dogon Country, near Mopti, Mali
Bamako, capitale du Mali
Bamako, capital of Mali. Photo: Arensond, Wikipedia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Bamako4,347,997 inhabitants
Sikasso345,578 inhabitants
Koutiala217,072 inhabitants
Mopti206,098 inhabitants
Kayes184,973 inhabitants
Ségou156,418 inhabitants
Niono148,699 inhabitants
Gao124,695 inhabitants
San94,464 inhabitants
Tombouctou85,118 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Bamako (District)2,285,408 inhabitants252 km²
Gao684,605 inhabitants170,572 km²
Kayes2,516,742 inhabitants120,760 km²
Kidal85,514 inhabitants151,430 km²
Koulikoro3,057,672 inhabitants90,120 km²
Mopti2,570,513 inhabitants79,017 km²
Ségou2,951,935 inhabitants64,947 km²
Sikasso3,336,752 inhabitants71,790 km²
Tombouctou851,859 inhabitants497,926 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also