Tanzania

Official nameUnited Republic of Tanzania
Name in local languageJamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania (sw)
ContinentAfrica
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 24e)59,441,988 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth3.13 % / year
Area945,088 km²
Density62.90 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 78e)62.410 billions $USD (2020)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,077 $USD (2020)
GDP growth2.00 % / year (2020)
Life expectancy (ranking)66.70 years (2021)
Birth rate36.00 ‰ (2021)
Fertility rate4.91 children / woman (2021)
Death rate (ranking)5.90 ‰ (2021)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)27.70 ‰ (2021)
Literacy rate87.31 % (2015)
Official languagesNone. Kiswahili (swahili) and English de facto
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
HDI (ranking: 198e)0.529 / 1 (2019)
EPI (ranking)50.83 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Samia Suluhu
National Day26 April (Tanganyika and Zanzibar merger in 1964)
ISO CodesTZ, TZA
DemonymTanzanian
Tourists (ranking)1,275,000 people (2017)
Tanzanie – petite

Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordering the Indian Ocean. It is bordered to the north by Kenya and Uganda, to the west by Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, to the southwest by Zambia and Malawi and to the south by Mozambique.

Tanzanie - mont Lengai
Mount Lengai, Tanzania. Photo: Clem23, Wikipedia
Kilimandjaro, Tanzanie
Kilimanjaro, highest summit in Tanzania and Africa (5,892 meters)
Dar es Salam, Tanzanie
Dar es Salam, economic capital of Tanzania
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Dar es Salam5,572,776 inhabitants
Mwanza830,342 inhabitants
Zanzibar796,903 inhabitants
Dodoma571,629 inhabitants
Arusha466,892 inhabitants
Mbeya445,544 inhabitants
Morogoro359,670 inhabitants
Tanga286,690 inhabitants
Kigoma252,055 inhabitants
Moshi203,424 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Arusha2,104,074 inhabitants37,576 km²
Dar es Salam5,401,814 inhabitants1,393 km²
Dodoma2,647,410 inhabitants41,311 km²
Geita2,434,800 inhabitants20,054 km²
Iringa1,149,481 inhabitants35,503 km²
Kagera3,238,347 inhabitants25,265 km²
Katavi805,887 inhabitants45,843 km²
Kigoma2,800,919 inhabitants37,040 km²
Kilimanjaro1,951,252 inhabitants13,250 km²
Lindi1,025,800 inhabitants66,040 km²
Manyara1,873,105 inhabitants44,522 km²
Mara2,391,845 inhabitants21,760 km²
Mbeya2,204,543 inhabitants35,954 km²
Mjini Magharibi (Zanzibar Urban West)733,914 inhabitants230 km²
Morogoro2,730,058 inhabitants70,624 km²
Mtwara1,478,874 inhabitants16,710 km²
Mwanza3,826,573 inhabitants9,467 km²
Njombe837,557 inhabitants21,347 km²
Pemba North294,267 inhabitants574 km²
Pemba South272,348 inhabitants332 km²
Pwani1,325,852 inhabitants32,547 km²
Rukwa1,270,049 inhabitants22,792 km²
Ruvuma1,655,443 inhabitants63,669 km²
Shinyanga1,993,589 inhabitants18,901 km²
Simiyu2,304,228 inhabitants25,212 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also