Official nameRepublic of Kenya
Name in local languageJamhuri ya Kenya (sw) ; Republic of Kenya (en)
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 29e)50,773,109 inhabitants (2022)
Population growth2.20 % / year
Area580,876 km²
Density87.41 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 62e)110.347 billions $USD (2021)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,007 $USD (2021)
GDP growth7.50 % / year (2021)
Life expectancy (ranking)67.00 years (2020)
Birth rate27.90 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate3.40 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)10.50 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)35.50 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate77.97 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish, Swahili
CurrencyKenyan shilling (KES)
HDI (ranking: 186e)0.575 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)47.25 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident William Ruto
National Day12 December (independence in 1963)
Tourists (ranking)1,364,000 people (2017)
Kenya – petite
Poverty remains high in the country, despite good economic health

Kenya is a country in East Africa, bordered by South Sudan and Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the southwest. It is bathed by the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
Half of the country’s inhabitants live below the poverty line, despite good economic health that has lasted for a decade. The country is equipped with infrastructure, including roads and railway lines, but this economic boom does not benefit everyone, far from it.

Kenya landscape
Savane au Kenya
Savanna in Kenya. Photo: David du Chemin
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2022)
Urban areasPopulation
Nairobi7,490,979 inhabitants
Mombasa1,535,899 inhabitants
Nakuru610,637 inhabitants
Kisumu567,963 inhabitants
Eldoret507,748 inhabitants
Mandera460,708 inhabitants
Naivasha355,383 inhabitants
Malindi333,226 inhabitants
Njoro238,773 inhabitants
Maua221,412 inhabitants
Karuri207,396 inhabitants
Kitale203,821 inhabitants
Kakamega188,212 inhabitants
Dadaab185,252 inhabitants
Gilgil185,209 inhabitants
Bungoma177,748 inhabitants
Bomet175,215 inhabitants
Kericho170,625 inhabitants
Machakos170,606 inhabitants
Kisii166,906 inhabitants
Garissa163,914 inhabitants
Kajiado161,862 inhabitants
Molo156,732 inhabitants
Busia142,408 inhabitants
Nyeri140,338 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Baringo666,763 inhabitants10,976 km²
Bomet875,689 inhabitants2,531 km²
Bungoma1,670,570 inhabitants3,024 km²
Busia893,681 inhabitants1,696 km²
Elgeyo-Marakwet454,480 inhabitants3,032 km²
Embu608,599 inhabitants2,821 km²
Garissa841,353 inhabitants44,736 km²
Homa Bay1,131,950 inhabitants3,153 km²
Isiolo268,002 inhabitants25,351 km²
Kakamega1,867,579 inhabitants3,020 km²
Kericho901,777 inhabitants2,436 km²
Kiambu2,417,735 inhabitants2,539 km²
Kijiado1,117,840 inhabitants21,871 km²
Kilifi1,453,787 inhabitants12,540 km²
Kirinyaga610,411 inhabitants1,478 km²
Kisii1,266,860 inhabitants1,323 km²
Kisumu1,155,574 inhabitants2,085 km²
Kitui1,136,187 inhabitants30,430 km²
Kwale866,820 inhabitants8,267 km²
Laikipia518,560 inhabitants9,532 km²
Lamu143,920 inhabitants6,253 km²
Machakos1,421,932 inhabitants6,043 km²
Makueni987,653 inhabitants8,170 km²
Mandera867,457 inhabitants25,940 km²
Marsabit459,785 inhabitants70,944 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also