Official nameFederal Republic of Somalia
Name in local languageJamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (so) ; جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية (ar)
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 75e)13,611,470 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.53 % / year
Area637,657 km²
Density21.35 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 163e)7.484 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)499 $USD (2018)
GDP growth-1.50 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)56.50 years (2015)
Birth rate43.61 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate6.46 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)12.03 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)132.50 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate37.80 % (2001)
Official languagesSomali, Arabic
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
HDI (ranking: 228e)0.364 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
National Day1st July (independence of 1960)
Somalie – petite
The government is trying to get things back on track

Somalia is a country located at the eastern end of the Horn of Africa, bordered by the Indian Ocean. It shares borders, in its current reduced configuration, with Puntland to the north, Ethiopia to the northwest, and Kenya to the southwest. Formerly the northern part of the country, Somaliland and Puntland are independent in fact.

Paysage de Somalie
Countryland in Somalia
Mogadiscio, Somalie
Mogadiscio, Somalia
Enfant sur le port de Mogadiscio, Somalie
Child in the port of Mogadiscio, Somalia
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2010)
Urban areasPopulation
Mogadiscio2,275,976 inhabitants
Merka480,543 inhabitants
Kismaayo402,691 inhabitants
290,750 inhabitants
Beledweyne200,769 inhabitants
Jamaame192,719 inhabitants
Afgooye190,811 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Bakool367,226 inhabitants26,962 km²
Banaadir2,275,976 inhabitants1,657 km²
Basse Shabelle (Shabeellaha Hoose)1,202,219 inhabitants25,285 km²
Bay792,182 inhabitants35,156 km²
Galguduud569,434 inhabitants46,126 km²
Gedo508,405 inhabitants60,389 km²
Haute Juba (Jubbada Dhexe)362,921 inhabitants9,836 km²
Haute Juba (Jubbada Hoose)489,307 inhabitants42,876 km²
Haute Shabelle (Shabeellaha Dhexe)516,036 inhabitants22,663 km²
Hiiraan520,685 inhabitants31,510 km²
Mudug717,863 inhabitants72,933 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also