Official namePuntland State of Somalia
Name in local languageDowladda Puntland ee Soomaaliya (so) ; ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية - Wilāyat Arḍ al-Bunṭ aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah (ar)
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 128e)4,905,246 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth3.14 % / year
Area212,510 km²
Density23.08 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 203e)2.348 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)602 $USD (2017)
GDP growth1.35 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)55.00 years (2012)
Birth rate39.60 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate6.20 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)13.10 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)92.00 ‰ (2012)
Literacy rate0.00 % (2018)
Official languagesSomali, Arabic
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
HDI (ranking: n.c.)0.000 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentAutonomous State within Somalia, presidential democracy (from Somalia in 1998, not recognized)
Head of StatePresident Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
National Day1st July
ISO Codes,
DemonymPountlander, Somali
Pount – petite

Puntland is a region in northeastern Somalia, located in the far east of the Horn of Africa. It is the point, facing Yemen. It is bordered to the west by Somaliland, which has declared its independence from Somalia, and to the southwest by Ethiopia.

Bosasso, Pount
Bosasso, Puntland

The Puntland declared its autonomy in 1998, and has since seen itself as an autonomous region of Somalia. In fact, the territory functions as an independent country, but it has neither declared nor demanded its independence, and is trying to reintegrate Somalia. But the Somali central government based in Mogadishu, with little control over the rest of the country, Puntland is waiting for this reunification to be effective in appeased conditions.
It is not recognized as a country by the international community.

Point d'eau dans un camp de déplacés, Garowe, Pount, avril 2013
Water Point in an IDP Camp, Garowe, Puntland, April 2013. Photo: Civil Protection and European Humanitarian Aid Operations
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Bosasso700,000 inhabitants
Gaal Kacyo (Galkayo)545,000 inhabitants
Garowe190,000 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Bari1,387,568 inhabitants70,088 km²
Haylan (Sanaag)704,172 inhabitants18,273 km²
Mudug759,889 inhabitants72,933 km²
Nugaal516,749 inhabitants26,180 km²
Sool580,891 inhabitants25,036 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also